织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 野生花卉 >

肾叶高山蓼Oxyria digyna

时间:2013-10-30 14:10来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):肾叶高山蓼 学名( Scientific Name ): Oxyria digyna (L.) Hill 英文名( English Common Name ): alpine mountainsorrel 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 山蓼、肾叶山蓼 异名( Synonym ): Oxyria elatior R. Br. ex Me
中文名(Chinese Name):肾叶高山蓼
学名(Scientific Name):Oxyria digyna (L.) Hill
英文名(English Common Name):alpine mountainsorrel
别名(Chinese Common Name):山蓼、肾叶山蓼
异名(Synonym):Oxyria elatior R. Br. ex Meisn.  Oxyria reniformis Hook.  Rumex digynus L.  Oxyria digyna f. elatior R. Br. ex Meisn.  Oxyria reniformis var. elatior Regel  Rumex digyna L.  Acetosa digyna (L.) Mill.  Donia digyna (L.) R.Br.  Donia sapida R.Br.  Lapathum digynum (L.) Lam.  Rheum digynum (L.) Wahlenb.  Rumex reniformis Radde
科属Family & Genus):蓼科(Polygonaceae)山蓼属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。根状茎粗壮,直径5-10毫米。茎直立,高15-20厘米,单生或数条自根状茎发出,无毛,具细纵沟。基生叶叶片肾形或圆肾形,长1.5-3厘米,宽2-5厘米,纸质,顶端圆钝,基部宽心形,边缘近全缘,上面无毛,下面沿叶脉具极稀疏短硬毛;叶柄无毛,长可达12厘米;无茎生叶,极少具1-2小叶;托叶鞘短筒状,膜质,顶端偏斜。花序圆锥状,分枝极稀疏,无毛,花两性,苞片膜质,每苞内具2-5花;花梗细长,中下部具关节;花被片4, 成2轮,果时内轮2片增大,倒卵形,长2-2.5毫米,紧贴果实,外轮2个,反折;雄蕊6, 花药长圆形,花丝钻状;子房扁平,花柱2, 柱头画笔状。瘦果卵形,双凸镜状,长2.5-3毫米,两侧边缘具膜质翅,连翅外形近圆形,顶端凹陷,基部心形,直径4-5(6)毫米;翅较宽,膜质,淡红色,边缘具小齿。花期6-7月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产吉林、陕西、新疆、四川、云南及西藏,生海拔1700-4900米高山山坡及山谷砾石滩。欧洲、亚洲北部及东南亚也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 333     
Oxyria digyna (Linnaeus) Hill, Hort. Kew. 158. 1768.
山蓼 shan liao| Polygonaceae  | Oxyria
Rumex digynus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 337. 1753; Oxyria digyna f. elatior R. Brown; O. elatior R. Brown ex Meisner; O. reniformis Hooker; O. reniformis var. elatior Regel.
Herbs perennial. Rhizomes stout, 5-10 mm in diam. Stems solitary or several from rhizome, erect, 15-30 cm tall, usually glabrous. Leaves nearly all basal; petiole 3-12 cm; leaf blade reniform or orbicular-reniform, 1.5-3 × 2-4 cm, papery, abaxially sparsely hirtellous along veins, adaxially glabrous, base broadly cordate, margin subentire, apex obtuse; cauline ones usually rudimentary; ocrea shortly tubular, membranous, apex oblique. Inflorescence terminal, paniculate; bracts membranous, each 2-5-flowered. Pedicels slender, articulate below middle. Flowers bisexual. Perianth greenish or pinkish; outer tepals smaller, deflexed; inner ones accrescent in fruit, obovate, appressed. Filaments dilated at base. Achenes ovoid, broadly winged at margin, 4-6 mm in diam.; wings pink, membranous, denticulate. Fl. Jun-Oct, fr. Jul-Nov. 2n = 14, 42.
Alpine slopes, grasslands, wet valleys; 1300-4900 m. Jilin, Liaoning, ?Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan [Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Japan, Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyz-stan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia (Far East, Siberia), Sikkim, Tajikistan; SW Asia, Europe, North America].
 


(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(2)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容