织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 野生花卉 >

野菰 Aeginetia indica

时间:2013-10-23 14:31来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):野菰 学名( Scientific Name ): Aeginetia indica Linn. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 烟斗花土、灵芝草 异名( Synonym ): Aeginetia japonica Sieb. et Zucc. Orobanche aeginetia
中文名(Chinese Name):野菰
学名(Scientific Name):Aeginetia indica Linn.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):烟斗花土、灵芝草
异名(Synonym):Aeginetia japonica Sieb. et Zucc.  Orobanche aeginetia L.  Aeginetia aeginetia Huth  Aeginetia boninensis Nakai  Aeginetia indica var. gracilis Nakai  Aeginetia mairei H.Lév. 
科属Family & Genus):列当科(Orobanchaceae)野菰属
形态特征Description):一年生寄生草本,高15-40 (-50)厘米。根稍肉质,具树状细小分枝。茎黄褐色或紫红色,不分枝或自近基部处有分枝,偶尔自中部以上分枝。叶肉红色,卵状披针形或披针形,长5-10毫米,宽3-4毫米,两面乡七滑无毛。花常单生茎端,稍俯垂。花梗粗壮,常直立,长10-30(-40)厘米,直径约3毫米,无毛,常具紫红色的条纹。花萼一侧裂开至近基部,长2.5-4.5(-6.5)厘米,紫红色、黄色或黄白色,具紫红色条纹,先端急尖或渐尖,两面无毛。花冠带粘液,常与花萼同色,或有时下部白色,上部带紫色,凋谢后变绿黑色,干时变黑色,长4-6厘米,不明显的二唇形,筒部宽,稍弯曲,在花丝着生处变窄,顶端5浅裂,上唇裂片和下唇的侧裂片较短,近圆形,全缘,下唇中间裂片稍大。雄蕊4枚,内藏,花丝着生于距筒基部1.4-1.5厘米处,长7-9毫米,紫色,无毛,花药黄色,有粘液,成对粘合,仅1室发育,下方一对雄蕊的药隔基部延长成距。子房1室,侧膜胎座4个,横切面有极多分枝,花柱无毛,长1-1.5厘米,柱头膨大,肉质,淡黄色,盾状。蒴果圆锥状或长卵球形,长约2-3厘米,2瓣开裂。种子多数,细小,椭圆形,黄色,长约0.04毫米,种皮网状。花期4-8月,果期8-10月。
分布(Distribution):产我国中南部地区,生于海拔200-1800米湿润及枯叶多的地方,常寄生于芒属和甘蔗属等禾草类植物根上。东南亚及日本也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 18 Page 240   
Aeginetia indica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 632. 1753.
野菰 ye gu| Orobanchaceae  | Aeginetia
Aeginetia japonica Siebold & Zuccarini; Orobanche aeginetia Linnaeus; Phelipaea indica (Linnaeus) Sprengel ex Steudel.
Plants 15-40(-50) cm tall. Root slightly fleshy, with small branches. Stems unbranched or branched from near base. Leaves red, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 5-10 X 3-4 mm, glabrous. Flowers usually solitary. Pedicel usually erect, 10-30(-40) cm, ca. 3 mm in diam. Calyx apex acute or acuminate. Corolla purple-red striate, indistinctly bilabiate, tubular-campanulate, 2-4.5 cm; tube slightly curved; lobes subentire. Filaments purple, 7-9 mm, glabrous; anthers yellow. Ovary 1-locular; parietal placentas 4. Style 1-1.5 cm; stigma pale yellow. Capsule conical, or long ovoid-globose, 2-3 cm. Seeds yellow, ellipsoid, ca. 0.04 mm. Fl. Apr-Aug, fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 30.
Slopes, roadsides; 200-1800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].
Parasitic on species of Miscanthus Andersson and Saccharum Linnaeus.
The roots and flowers are used medicinally for clearing away heat and toxic materials.


(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(3)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容