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太白韭Allium prattii

时间:2013-10-09 08:33来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):太白韭 学名( Scientific Name ): Allium prattii C. H. Wright 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 太白山葱 异名( Synonym ): Allium victorialis var. angustifolium Hook. f. Allium p
中文名(Chinese Name):太白韭
学名(Scientific Name):Allium prattii C. H. Wright
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):太白山葱
异名(Synonym):Allium victorialis var. angustifolium Hook. f.  Allium prattii var. ellipticum F. T. Wang et Ts. Tang  Allium prattii var. vinicolor F. T. Wang et Ts. Tang  Allium cannifolium H. Lév.  Allium ellipticum Wall. ex Kunth
科属(Family & Genus):百合科(Liliaceae)葱属
形态特征(Description):鳞茎单生或2-3枚聚生,近圆柱状;鳞茎外皮灰褐色至黑褐色,破裂成纤维状,呈明显的网状。叶2枚,紧靠或近对生状,很少为3枚,常为条形、条状披针形、椭圆状披针形或椭圆状倒披针形,罕为狭椭圆形,短于或近等于花葶,宽0.5-4(-7)厘米,先端渐尖,基部逐渐收狭成不明显的叶柄。花葶圆柱状,高10-60厘米,下部被叶鞘;总苞1-2裂,宿存;伞形花序半球状,具多而密集的花;小花梗近等长,比花被片长2-4倍,果期更长,基部无小苞片;花紫红色至淡红色,稀白色;内轮的花被片披针状矩圆形至狭矩圆形,长4-7毫米,宽1-1.5 (-2.5) 毫米,先端钝或凹缺,或具不规则小齿,外轮的宽而短,狭卵形、矩圆状卵形或矩圆形,长3.2-5.5毫米,宽1.4-2(-2.9)毫米,先端钝或凹缺,或具不规则小齿;花丝比花被片略长或长得多,基部合生并与花被片贴生,内轮的狭卵状长三角形,基部宽0.8-1.5毫米,外轮的锥形;子房具3圆棱,基部收狭成长约0.5毫米的短柄,每室1胚珠。花果期6月底到9月。
分布(Distribution):产河南、安徽、甘肃、青海、陕西、四川、西藏及云南,生于海拔2000-4900米的阴凉、潮湿的灌丛、林下、溪边或坡地中。印度、不丹、尼泊尔也有。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 24 Page 174
Allium prattii C. H. Wright ex Hemsley in F. B. Forbes & Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36: 124. 1903.
太白山葱 tai bai shan cong | Liliaceae  | Allium
Allium cannifolium H. Léveillé; A. prattii var. ellipticum F. T. Wang & T. Tang; A. prattii var. vinicolor F. T. Wang & T. Tang; A. victorialis Linnaeus var. angustifolium J. D. Hooker.
Bulb solitary or clustered, subcylindric; tunic grayish brown to blackish brown, reticulate. Leaves 2, subopposite, rarely 3, linear, linear-lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate, elliptic-oblanceolate or rarely narrowly elliptic, shorter than to subequaling scape, 0.5--4(--7) cm wide, base gradually narrowed into an obscure petiole, apex acuminate. Scape 10--60 cm, terete, covered with leaf sheaths only at base. Spathe 1- or 2-valved, persistent. Umbel hemispheric. Pedicels subequal, 2--4 × as long as perianth, ebracteolate. Perianth purple-red to pale red, rarely approaching white; outer segments narrowly ovate, oblong-ovate, to oblong, 3.2--5.5 × 1.4--2(--2.9) mm, apex obtuse, retuse, or denticulate; inner ones lanceolate-oblong to narrowly oblong, 4--7 × 1--1.5(--2.5) mm. Filaments slightly longer than to 1.5 × as long as perianth segments, connate at base and adnate to perianth segments; outer ones subulate; inner ones narrowly triangular, 0.8--1.5 mm wide at base. Ovary constricted at base into a short stipe; ovules 1 per locule. Fl. And fr. end of Jun--Sep. 2 n = 16*, 32*.
Shady and damp forests, thickets, scrub, stream banks, slopes, meadows; 2000--4900 m. Anhui, Gansu, Henan, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sikkim].


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