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卵叶韭Allium ovalifolium

时间:2013-10-09 08:32来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):卵叶韭 学名( Scientific Name ): Allium ovalifolium Hand.-Mazz. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 卵叶山葱 异名( Synonym ): Allium prattii var. latifoliatum F. T. Wang et Ts. T
中文名(Chinese Name):卵叶韭
学名(Scientific Name):Allium ovalifolium Hand.-Mazz.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):卵叶山葱
异名(Synonym):Allium prattii var. latifoliatum F. T. Wang et Ts. Tang
科属(Family & Genus):百合科(Liliaceae)葱属
形态特征(Description):鳞茎单一或2-3枚聚生,近圆柱状;鳞茎外皮灰褐色至黑褐色,破裂成纤维状,呈明显的网状。叶2枚,靠近或近对生状,极少3枚,披针状矩圆形至卵状矩圆形,长(6-) 8-15厘米,宽(2-)3-7厘米,先端渐尖或近短尾状,基部圆形至浅心形,很少为深心形;叶柄明显,长1厘米以上(可与叶片等长),连同叶片的两面和叶缘常具乳头状突起,较少光滑。花葶圆柱状,高30-60厘米,下部被叶鞘;总苞2裂,宿存,稀早落;伞形花序球状,具多而密集的花;小花梗近等长,为花被片长的1.5-4倍,果期伸长,基部无小苞片;花白色,稀淡红色;花被片长3.5-6毫米,内轮的披针状矩圆形至狭矩圆形,长(3.5-) 4-6毫米,宽1-1.6毫米,先端钝或凹陷,或具不规则小齿,外轮的较宽而短,狭卵形、卵形或卵状矩圆形,长3.5-5毫米,宽1.4-2毫米,先端钝或凹陷,或具不规则小齿;花丝等长,比花被片长1/4-1/2,基部合生并与花被片贴生,内轮的狭长三角形,基部宽0.8-1.1毫米,外轮的锥形;子房具3圆棱,基部收狭成长约0.5毫米的短柄,每室1胚珠。花果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产甘肃、贵州、湖北、青海、陕西、四川及云南,生于海拔1500-4000米的潮湿的林缘、灌丛中。
用途(Use):嫩叶可食用。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 24 Page 173
Allium ovalifolium Handel-Mazzetti, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 60: 101. 1924.
卵叶山葱 luan ye shan cong | Liliaceae  | Allium
Bulb solitary or clustered, subcylindric; tunic grayish brown to blackish brown, reticulate. Leaves 2(or 3), subopposite; petiole 1--12 cm; leaf blade lanceolate- to ovate-oblong, (6--)8--15 × (2--)3--7 cm, main veins green or white, base deeply cordate to rounded, apex shortly caudate or acuminate. Scape 30--60 cm, terete, covered with leaf sheaths only at base. Spathe 2-valved, persistent or deciduous. Umbel globose, densely many flowered. Pedicels subequal, 1.5--4 × as long as perianth, elongate in fruit, ebracteolate. Perianth white, rarely pale red; outer segments narrowly ovate to ovate or ovate-oblong, 3.5--5 × 1.4--2 mm, apex retuse or obtuse, sometimes denticulate; inner ones lanceolate-oblong to narrowly oblong, (3.5--)4--6 × 1--1.6 mm, apex retuse, obtuse, or acuminate, sometimes irregularly denticulate at least at distal margin. Filaments equal, 1--1.5 × as long as perianth segments, connate at base and adnate to perianth segments; outer ones subulate; inner ones narrowly triangular, 0.8--1.1 mm wide at base. Ovary constricted at base into a stipe ca. 0.5 mm; ovules 1 per locule. Fl. and fr. Jul--Sep.
* Forests, forest margins, thickets, damp places, stream banks, rock crevices; 1500--4000 m. SE Gansu, NE Guizhou, W Hubei, E Qinghai, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, NW Yunnan.





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