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广防风Epimeredi indica

时间:2013-09-25 13:04来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):广防风 学名( Scientific Name ): Epimeredi indica (L.) Kuntze 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 防风草、土防风 异名 ( Synonym ): Epimeredi indica (Linn.) Rothm. Anisomeles ovat
中文名(Chinese Name):广防风
学名(Scientific Name):Epimeredi indica (L.) Kuntze
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):防风草、土防风
异名Synonym):Epimeredi indica (Linn.) Rothm.  Anisomeles ovata R. Br.  Ajuga disticha (L.) Roxb.  Ajuga glabrata Benth. ex Wall.  Ajuga mollissima Wall. ex Steud.  Anisomeles albiflora (Hassk.) Miq.  Anisomeles disticha (L.) B.Heyne ex Roth  Anisomeles glabrata Benth. ex Wall.  Anisomeles malabarica var. albiflora Hassk.  Anisomeles mollissima Wall.  Anisomeles secunda Kuntze  Anisomeles tonkinensis Gand.  Ballota mauritiana Pers.  Epimeredi indicus (L.) Rothm.  Epimeredi secundus Rothm.  Monarda zeylanica Burm.f.  Nepeta amboinica L.f.  Nepeta disticha (L.) Blume
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)广防风属
形态特征(Description):草本,直立,粗壮,分枝。茎高1-2米,四棱形,具浅槽,密被白色贴生短柔毛。叶阔卵圆形,长4-9厘米,宽2.5-6.5厘米,先端急尖或短渐尖,基部截状阔楔形,边缘有不规则的牙齿,草质,上面榄绿色,被短伏毛,脉上尤密,下面灰绿色,有极密的白色短绒毛,在脉上的较长,叶柄长1-4.5厘米;苞叶叶状,向上渐变小,均超出轮伞花序,具短柄或近无柄。轮伞花序在主茎及侧枝的顶部排列成稠密的或间断的直径约2.5厘米的长穗伏花序;苞片线形,长3-4毫米。花萼钟形,长约6毫米,外面被长硬毛及混生的腺柔毛,其间杂有黄色小腺点,内面有稀疏的细长毛,10脉,不明显,下部有多数纵向细脉,上部有横脉网结,齿5,三角状披针形,长约2.7毫米,边缘具纤毛,有时紫红色,果时增大。花冠淡紫色,长约1.3厘米,外面无毛,内面在冠筒中部有斜向间断小疏柔毛毛环,冠筒基部宽约1.7毫米,向上渐变宽大,至口部宽达3.5毫米,冠檐二唇形,上唇直伸,长圆形,长4.5-5毫米,宽3毫米,全缘,下唇几水平扩展,长9毫米,宽5毫米,3裂,中裂片倒心形,长约3毫米,宽约4.5毫米,边缘微波状,内面中部具髯毛,侧裂片较小,卵圆形。雄蕊伸出,近等长,前对稍长或有时后对较长,花丝扁平,两侧边缘膜质,被小纤毛,粘连,前对药室平行,后对药室退化成1室。花柱丝状,无毛,先端相等2浅裂,裂片钻形。花盘平顶,具圆齿。子房无毛。小坚果黑色,具光泽,近圆球形,直径约1.5毫米。花期8-9月,果期9-11月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西、贵州、云南、西藏、四川、湖南、江西、浙江、福建及台湾;生于海拔40-2400米林缘或路旁等荒地上。印度、东南亚经马来西亚至菲律宾也有。
用途(Use):全草入药,为民间常用药草,治风湿骨痛、感冒发热、呕吐腹痛、胃气痛、皮肤湿疹、搔痒、乳痈、疮癣、癞疮以及毒虫蛟伤等症。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 188
Anisomeles indica (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512. 1891.
广防风 guang fang feng | Lamiaceae  | Anisomeles
Nepeta indica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 571. 1753; Anisomeles ovata R. Brown; Epimeredi indica (Linnaeus) Rothmaler; Marrubium indicum (Linnaeus) Burman.
Stems erect, 1-2 m tall, branched, densely appressed white pubescent. Petiole 1-4.5 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate, 4-9 × 2.5-6.5 cm, adaxially finely strigose especially on veins, abaxially densely white minutely tomentose, tomentose on veins, base broadly truncate-cuneate, margin irregularly dentate, apex acute or short acuminate. Spikes ca. 2.5 cm in diam.; floral leaves short petiolate or ± sessile, longer than verticillasters; bracts 3-4 mm. Calyx ca. 6 mm, hirsute, glandular pubescent, yellow glandular; teeth purple-red, triangular-lanceolate, ca. 2.7 mm, ciliate. Corolla purplish, ca. 1.3 cm, glabrous outside; tube funnelform, mouth to 3.5 mm wide; upper lip oblong, 4.5-5 × 3 mm, margin entire; lower lip subhorizontally spreading, ca. 9 × 5 mm; middle lobe obcordate, ca. 3 × 4.5 mm, slightly undulate, bearded; lateral lobes ovate. Ovary glabrous. Nutlets ca. 1.5 mm in diam. Fl. Aug-Sep, fr. Sep-Nov.
Forest margins, waste areas; 0-2400 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].
Used medicinally for rheumatism, colds, fevers, abdominal pain, skin sores, and snake bites.
 




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