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筋骨草Ajuga ciliata

时间:2013-09-25 12:50来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):筋骨草 学名( Scientific Name ): Ajuga ciliata Bunge 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 唇形科(Labiatae)筋骨草属 形态特征( Descripti
中文名(Chinese Name):筋骨草
学名(Scientific Name):Ajuga ciliata Bunge
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)筋骨草属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,根部膨大,直立,无匍匐茎。茎高25-40厘米,四棱形,基部略木质化,紫红色或绿紫色,通常无毛,幼嫩部分被灰白色长柔毛。叶柄长1厘米以上或几无,绿黄色,有时呈紫红色,基部抱茎,被灰白色疏柔毛或仅边缘具缘毛;叶片纸质,卵状椭圆形至狭椭圆形,长4-7.5厘米,宽3.2-4厘米,基部楔形,下延,先端钝或急尖,边缘具不整齐的双重牙齿,具缘毛,上面被疏糙伏毛,下面被糙伏毛或疏柔毛,侧脉约4对,与中脉在上面下陷,下面隆起。穗状聚伞花序顶生,一般长5-10厘米,由多数轮伞花序密聚排列组成;苞叶大,叶状,有时呈紫红色,卵形,长1-1.5厘米,先端急尖,基部楔形,全缘或略具缺刻,两面无毛或仅下面脉上被疏柔毛,边缘具缘毛;花梗短,无毛。花萼漏斗状钟形,长7-8毫米,仅在齿上外面被长柔毛和具缘毛,余部无毛,具10脉,萼齿5,长三角形或狭三角形,先端锐尖,长为花萼之半或略长,整齐。花冠紫色,具蓝色条纹,冠筒长为花萼的一倍或较长,外面被疏柔毛,内面被微柔毛,近基部具毛环,冠簷二唇形,上唇短,直立,先端圆形,微缺,下唇增大,伸长,3裂,中裂片倒心形,侧裂片线状长圆形。雄蕊4,二强,稍超出花冠,着生于冠筒喉部,花丝粗壮,挺直,无毛。花柱细弱,超出雄蕊,无毛,先端2浅裂,裂片细尖。花盘环状,裂片不明显,前面呈指状膨大。子房无毛。小坚果长圆状或卵状三棱形,背部具网状皱纹,腹部中间隆起,果脐大,几占整个腹面。花期4-8月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产河北、山东、河南、山西、陕西、甘肃、四川及浙江;生于海拔340-1800山谷溪旁、荫湿的草地上,林下湿润处及路旁草丛中。
用途(Use):全草入药,治肺热咯血、跌打损伤、扁桃腺炎、咽喉炎等症。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 65
Ajuga ciliata Bunge, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans. 2: 125. 1833.
筋骨草 jin gu cao | Lamiaceae  | Ajuga
Herbs perennial. Stems erect, 25-40 cm tall, purplish red or greenish red. Petiole 1 cm or more, sometimes purple-red, amplexicaul, gray pilose or ciliate only on margin; leaf blade ovate-elliptic to narrowly elliptic, 4-7.5 × 3.2-4 cm, strigose or pilose, base cuneate-decurrent, margin irregularly double dentate, ciliate, apex obtuse to acute. Inflorescences terminal, 5-10 cm, of crowded verticillasters; floral leaves sometimes purplish red, ovate, 1-1.5 cm, base cuneate, margin entire to slightly incised, apex acute. Calyx funnelform-campanulate, 7-8 mm, glabrous; teeth pilose, ciliate, narrowly triangular, 1/2 or more as long as calyx, apically acute, regular. Corolla tube 2 × or more as long as calyx, pilose, puberulent, villous annulate inside; upper lip straight, apex rounded and emarginate; lower lip enlarged, elongated, with middle lobe obcordate and lateral lobes linear-oblong. Nutlets adaxially swollen at middle, areole covering almost entire adaxial side. Fl. Apr-Aug, fr. Jul-Sep.
* Streamsides, moist grasslands, moist areas in forests, dense grass; 300-2500 m. Gansu, Hebei, Hubei, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang






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