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芹叶牻牛儿苗Erodium cicutarium

时间:2013-09-11 12:05来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):芹叶牻牛儿苗 学名( Scientific Name ): Erodium cicutarium (L.) LHr. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Geranium cicutarium L. Erodium albidum Picard Erodium all
中文名(Chinese Name):芹叶牻牛儿苗
学名(Scientific Name):Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Geranium cicutarium L.  Erodium albidum Picard  Erodium allotrichum Steud. ex A.Rich.  Erodium alsiniflorum Delile  Erodium ambiguum Pomel  Erodium atomarium Delile ex Godr.  Erodium boraeanum Jord.  Erodium carneum Jord.  Erodium cicutarium f. chaerophyllum (Cav.) DC.  Erodium cicutarium subsp. bipinnatum (Cav.) E.Fourn.  Erodium cicutarium subsp. dunense Andreas  Erodium cicutarium subsp. ontigolanum Guitt.  Erodium cicutarium subsp. zairae A.P.Khokhr.  Erodium cicutarium var. arenicola (Steud.) Speg.  Erodium cicutarium var. immaculatum W.D.J.Koch  Erodium cicutarium var. triviale Trautv.  Erodium cicutifolium Salisb.  Erodium commixtum Jord. ex F.W.Schultz  Erodium danicum K.Larsen  Erodium dissectum Rouy  Erodium filicinum Pomel  Erodium himalayanum Royle  Erodium hirsutum Schur  Erodium immaculatum (W.D.J.Koch) P.Fourn.  Erodium maculatum Salzm. ex C.Presl  Erodium melanostigma Mart.  Erodium millefolium Willd. ex Kunth  Erodium minutiflorum Godr.  Erodium moranense Willd. ex Kunth  Erodium pallidiflorum Jord.  Erodium parviflorum Jord.  Erodium petroselinum L'Hér. ex DC.  Erodium pimpinellifolium (Moench) Sibth.  Erodium praetermissum Jord. ex Boreau  Erodium subalbidum Jord.  Erodium triviale Jord.  Erodium verbenifolium Delile  Geranium chaerophyllum Cav.  Geranium arenicolum Steud.  Geranium pentandrum Gilib.  Geranium petroselinum (L'Hér. ex DC.) L'Hér. ex Webb & Berth.  Myrrhina inodora Rupr.
科属(Family & Genus):牻牛儿苗科(Geraniaceae)牻牛儿苗属
形态特征(Description):一年生或二年生草本,高10-20厘米。根为直根系,主根深长,侧根少。茎多数,直立、斜升或蔓生,被灰白色柔毛。叶对生或互生;托叶三角状披针形或卵形,干膜质,棕黄色,先端渐尖;基生叶具长柄,茎生叶具短柄或无柄,叶片矩圆形或披针形,长5-12厘米,宽2-5厘米,二回羽状深裂,裂片7-11对,具短柄或几无柄,小裂片短小,全缘或具1-2齿,两面被灰白色伏毛。伞形花序腋生,明显长于叶,总花梗被白色早落长腺毛,每梗通常具2-10花;花梗与总花梗相似,长为花3-4倍,花期直立,果期下折;苞片多数,卵形或三角形,合生至中部;萼片卵形,长4-5毫米,宽2-3毫米,3-5脉,先端锐尖,被腺毛或具粘胶质糙长毛;花瓣紫红色,倒卵形,稍长于萼片,先端钝圆或凹,基部楔形,被糙毛;雄蕊稍长于萼片,花丝紫红色,中部以下扩展;雌蕊密被白色柔色。蒴果长2-4厘米,被短伏毛。种子卵状矩圆形,长约3毫米,粗近1毫米。花期6-7月,果期7-10月。
分布(Distribution):分布于东北、华北、江苏北部、西北、四川西北和西藏西部。生于山地砂砾质山坡、沙质平原草地和干河谷等处。印度西北部、欧洲和北非亦广布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 11 Page 29, 30
Erodium cicutarium (Linnaeus) L’Héritier ex Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 414. 1789.
芹叶牻牛儿苗 qin ye mang niu er miao | Geraniaceae  | Erodium
Geranium cicutarium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 680. 1753.
Annuals 10-15(-40) cm tall. Stems numerous, erect to decumbent. Stipules triangular-lanceolate, 2-6 mm. Leaves opposite or alternate; leaf blade triangular-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 5-18 cm, pinnately divided to pinnately cleft, 5-12-lobed with basal ones more deeply incised, both surfaces appressed pilose. Pseudoumbels conspicuously longer than leaves, with (2 or)3-10 hermaphrodite flowers; peduncle with glandular and nonglandular trichomes. Pedicel 0.8-1.7 cm. Sepals ovate, 3-6 mm, glandular and hirsute, apex acute. Petals uniformly purple or 2 with a basal black spot, obovate, 5-12 mm. Mericarp 3-7 mm, with apical pit, with or without ridges or furrows; awn not plumose. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Jul-Oct. 2n = 20, 36, 40, 48, 54.
Meadows, flood plains, gravel areas, disturbed areas; 700-2200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liao-ning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, W Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, W Xizang [Afghanistan, NW India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; N Africa, SW Asia, Europe].
This species is naturalized as a weed in many temperate areas.





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