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蚂蝗七Chirita fimbrisepala

时间:2018-07-01 09:29来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):蚂蝗七 学名( Scientific Name ): Chirita fimbrisepala Hand.-Mazz. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 红蚂蝗七、岩蚂蝗 异名( Synonym ): Didymocarpus fimbrisepalus (Hand.-Mazz.) H
中文名(Chinese Name):蚂蝗七
学名(Scientific Name):Chirita fimbrisepala Hand.-Mazz.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):红蚂蝗七、岩蚂蝗
异名(Synonym):Didymocarpus fimbrisepalus (Hand.-Mazz.) Hand.-Mazz.
科属(Family & Genus):苦苣苔科(Gesneriaceae)唇柱苣苔属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,具粗根状茎。叶均基生;叶片草质,两侧不对称,卵形、宽卵形或近圆形,长4-10厘米,宽3.5-11厘米,顶端急尖或微钝,基部斜宽楔形或截形,或一侧钝或宽楔形,另一侧心形,边缘有小或粗牙齿,上面密被短柔毛并散生长糙毛,下面疏被短柔毛,侧脉在狭侧3-4条;叶柄长2-8.5厘米,有疏柔毛。聚伞花序1-4(-7)条,有(1-)2-5花;花序梗长6-28厘米,被柔毛;苞片狭卵形至狭三角形,长5-11毫米,宽1-7毫米,被柔毛;花梗长0.5-3.8厘米,被柔毛。花萼长7-11毫米,5裂至基部,裂片披针状线形,宽1.5-3毫米,边缘上部有小齿,被柔毛。花冠淡紫色或紫色,长(3.5-)4.2-6.4厘米,下部被少数柔毛,在内面上唇紫斑处有2纵条毛;筒细漏斗状,长2.5-3.8厘米,口部粗0.8-1.4厘米;上唇长0.7-1.2厘米,下唇长1.5-2.4厘米。雄蕊的花丝着生于距花冠基部1.3-1.6厘米处,长约1.3厘米,在基部之上稍膝状弯曲,上部疏被极短的毛,花药长约4毫米,基部被疏柔毛;退化雄蕊长约4毫米,无毛。花盘环状,高约1毫米。雌蕊长2.7-3厘米,子房及花柱密被短柔毛,柱头长约2毫米,2裂。蒴果长6-8厘米,粗约2.5毫米,被短柔毛。种子纺锤形,长6-8毫米。花期3-4月。
分布(Distribution):产广西、广东、贵州、湖南、江西和福建。生于海拔400-1000米山地林中石上或石崖上,或山谷溪边。
用途(Use):根状茎治小儿疳积、胃痛、跌打损伤。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 18 Page 327
Chirita fimbrisepala Handel-Mazzetti, Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 62: 65. 1925.
蚂蝗七 ma huang qi | Gesneriaceae  | Chirita
Perennials, stemless. Rhizome internodes inconspicuous. Leaves basal, opposite; petiole 2-8.5 cm X 3-7 mm; leaf blade oblique, ovate to orbicular, rarely oblate, lanceolate, or oblanceolate, 4-10 X 3.5-11 cm, herbaceous, adaxially puberulent and appressed pilose, eglandular, abaxially sparsely puberulent to velutinous, base oblique, broadly cuneate to cordate, margin denticulate to dentate, crenate, or serrate, apex acute to rounded; lateral veins 3-5 on each side of midrib, inconspicuous. Cymes (1 or)2-5-flowered; peduncle 6-28 cm, pubescent to appressed pilose; bracts 2, free, narrowly elliptic to lanceolate, ovate, or narrowly triangular, 5-11 X 1-3(-7) mm, pubescent, margin entire, apex acute. Pedicel 0.5-3.8 cm, pubescent. Calyx 5-sect from base; segments equal, lanceolate-linear to narrowly ovate, 7-11(-15) X 1.5-3 mm, puberulent, margin often denticulate to serrate apically, apex acute to acuminate. Corolla blue, purple, to pinkish green, (3.5-)4.2-6.4 cm, outside basally sparsely puberulent, inside puberulent below adaxial lip on 2 purple lines; tube narrowly funnelform, 2.5-3.8 X 0.8-1.4 cm; adaxial lip 0.7-1.2 cm; abaxial lip 1.5-2.4 cm. Filaments ca. 1.3 cm, apex sparsely puberulent to glabrous; anthers fused by entire adaxial surfaces, ca. 4 mm, sparsely bearded; staminodes 2 or 3, ca. 4 mm. Pistil ca. 2.7-3.2 cm, densely puberulent; ovary 2-2.6 cm. Stigma obtrapezoid, 2-3 mm, 2-lobed. Capsule erect, 4-8 cm. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Apr-Jun.
* Rocks or cliffs in forests or montane streamsides; 400-1000 m. Fujian, N Guangdong, N and S Guangxi, S Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi.











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