织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 野生花卉 >

齿缘吊钟花Enkianthus serrulatus

时间:2013-09-09 11:33来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 齿缘吊钟花 学名( Scientific Name ): Enkianthus serrulatus (Wils.) Schneid. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 九节筋、山枝仁、黄叶吊钟花 异名( Synonym ): Enkianthus serrulatus
中文名(Chinese Name):齿缘吊钟花
学名(Scientific Name):Enkianthus serrulatus(Wils.) Schneid.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):九节筋、山枝仁、黄叶吊钟花
异名(Synonym):Enkianthus serrulatus var. hirtinervus (Fang f.) T. Z. Hsu  Enkianthus sichuanensis T. Z. Hsu  Enkianthus quinqueflorus var. serrulatus E. H. Wilson  Enkianthus hirtinervus M. Y. Fang  Enkianthus serrulatus var. sichuanensis (T. Z. Hsu) R. C. Fang  Enkianthus calophyllus T. Z. Hsu
科属(Family & Genus):杜鹃花科(Ericaceae)吊钟花属
形态特征(Description):落叶灌木或小乔木,高2.6-6米。小枝光滑,无毛;芽鳞12-15}枚,宿存。叶密集枝顶,厚纸质,长圆形或长卵形,长6-8(-11)厘米,宽(2.8-)3.2-3.5(-4)厘米,先端短渐尖或渐尖,基部宽楔形或钝圆,边缘具细锯齿,不反卷,表面无毛,或中脉有微柔毛,背面中脉下部被白色柔毛,中脉、侧脉及网脉在两面明显,在背面隆起;叶柄较纤细,长6-12(-20)毫米,无毛。伞形花序顶生。每花序上有花2-6朵,花下垂;花梗长1-1.5 (-2)厘米,结果时直立,变粗壮,长可达3厘米;花萼绿色,萼片5,三角形;花冠钟形,白绿色,长约1厘米,口部5浅裂,裂片反卷;雄蕊10枚,花丝白色,长约5毫米,下部宽扁并具白色柔毛,花药具2反折的芒;子房圆柱形,5室,每室有胚珠10-15枚,花柱长约5毫米,无毛。蒴果椭圆形,长约1厘米,直径6-8毫米,干后黄褐色,无毛,具棱,顶端有宿存花柱,5裂,每室有种子数粒;种子瘦小,长约2毫米,具2膜质翅。花期4月,果期5-7月。
分布(Distribution):产浙江、江西、福建、湖北、湖南、广东、广西、四川、贵州、云南。生于海拔 800-1 800米的山坡。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 14 Page 244      
Enkianthus serrulatus (E. H. Wilson) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 519. 1911.
齿缘吊钟花 chi yuan diao zhong hua| Ericaceae  | Enkianthus
Enkianthus quinqueflorus Loureiro var. serrulatus E. H. Wilson, Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 41: 344. 1907; E. calophyllus T. Z. Hsu; E. hirtinervus M. Y. Fang; E. serrulatus var. hirtinervus (M. Y. Fang) T. Z. Hsu; E. serrulatus var. sichuanensis (T. Z. Hsu) R. C. Fang; E. sichuanensis T. Z. Hsu.
Shrubs or small trees, deciduous, 3–6 m tall. Twigs glabrous. Leaf petiole 6–10 mm, glabrous or sparsely hispidulous; leaf blade elliptic, oblong-elliptic, or obovate-elliptic, 5–8 × 1.6–2.6 cm, papery, both surfaces hispidulous or glabrous, or abaxially densely floccose toward base and adaxially glabrous, midvein strongly raised abaxially, flat to slightly raised adaxially, secondary and fine veins slightly raised abaxially, inconspicuous adaxially, base broadly cuneate to narrowly obtuse, margin denticulate, apex shortly acuminate. Inflorescence umbellate, 2–6-flowered. Pedicel 1–2 cm, glabrous or pubescent. Calyx lobes triangular, ca. 2.2 mm, glabrous or ciliate. Corolla white, campanulate, ca. 1 cm; lobes recurved. Filaments pubescent. Ovary glabrous or pubescent; style glabrous. Capsule 5-angled, 7–10 mm; stalk erect, 2–3 cm. Fl. Apr, fr. May–Oct.
Forest margins, mountain slopes, roadsides; 800–1800 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.






(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(3)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容