织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 野生花卉 >

幌菊Ellisiophyllum pinnatum

时间:2013-09-06 13:56来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):幌菊 学名( Scientific Name ): Ellisiophyllum pinnatum (Wall.) Makino 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Ellisiophyllum reptans Maxim. Hornemannia pinnata (Wall
中文名(Chinese Name):幌菊
学名(Scientific Name): Ellisiophyllum pinnatum (Wall.) Makino
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Ellisiophyllum reptans Maxim.  Hornemannia pinnata (Wall. ex Benth.) Benth.  Ourisia pinnata Wall. ex Benth.  Mazus pinnatus Wall.  Moseleya pinnata (Wall. ex Benth.) Hemsl.  Sibthorpia pinnata (Wall. ex Benth.) Benth.
科属(Family & Genus):玄参科Scrophulariaceae幌菊属Ellisiophyllum
形态特征(Description):多年生柔弱、匍匐草本,除花冠外全体被短柔毛。匍匐茎纤细、蔓延,长可达1米,节间短,长1.5-4厘米,节稍膨大,下生纤维状不定根。叶单生于节上,上升,具长2.5-6厘米的长柄,直径约1.2毫米,与匍匐茎等粗或稍粗;叶片轮廓卵形或矩圆状卵形,纸质,长2-5厘米,通常羽状深裂几至中肋,少有浅裂而具大圆齿,裂片5-9枚,倒卵形,中部以上或上部有具短凸尖的圆齿;花单生于叶腋,花梗纤细,与叶柄近等长,果期卷曲;苞片小,钻状三角形;花萼钟状,膜质,长5-7毫米,5裂至中部,裂片卵形至长椭圆形;花冠白色,长7-12毫米,漏斗状,花冠筒长约为花冠的一半或稍短,内面从喉部至近基部密被单细胞髯毛,裂片5,矩圆形至匙形;雄蕊4,着生于花冠喉部,花药狭箭形,2室,顶端结合;花盘发达杯状,包裹子房2/3,子房卵形,顶端被髯毛或近于无毛,花柱略比花冠短,柱头浅2裂。蒴果圆球形,直径4-5毫米,被包于宿萼内;种子大而少数,扁圆形,直径约1.5毫米,种皮有胶粘质,密被亚盾状长毛。花果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):分布于我国台湾、江西、贵州、云南、西藏、四川、甘肃、河北。印度,不丹,菲律宾,日本也有。生海拔1500-2500米的田野、沟边、草地及疏林中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 18 Page 56
Ellisiophyllum pinnatum (Wallich ex Bentham) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 20: 91. 1906.
幌菊 huang ju | Scrophulariaceae  | Ellisiophyllum
Ourisia pinnata Wallich ex Bentham, Scroph. Ind. 47. 1835; Ellisiophyllum reptans Maximowicz; Hornemannia pinnata (Wallich ex Bentham) Bentham; Moseleya pinnata (Wallich ex Bentham) Hemsley; Sibthorpia pinnata (Wallich ex Bentham) Bentham.
Perennials, creeping, densely pubescent except for corolla. Stolons to 1 m, rooting from nodes, internodes 1.5-4 cm. Petiole 2.5-6 X ca. 1.2 mm, as thick or slightly thicker than stolon; leaf blade ovate to oblong-ovate, 2-5 cm, papery, sparsely villous, margin lobed below middle and acutely crenate above middle, segments 5-9 and obovate. Pedicel subulate-triangular, nearly as long as petiole. Calyx 5-7 mm, membranous, lobes ovate to narrowly elliptic. Corolla white, funnelform, 7-12 mm; lobes oblong to spatulate. Capsule 4-5 mm in diam. Seeds few, subglobose, ca. 1.5 mm in diam. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep.
Grassland, along streams, sparse forests; 1500-2500 m. Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Japan, New Guinea, Philippines].







(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(1)
50%
踩一下
(1)
50%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容