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野茼蒿Crassocephalum crepidioides

时间:2013-07-23 14:18来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):野茼蒿 学名( Scientific Name ): Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore 英文名( English Common Name ): redflower ragleaf 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 革命菜 异名( Synonym ): Gynura crepidioides B


中文名(Chinese Name):野茼蒿
学名(Scientific Name):Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore
英文名(English Common Name):redflower ragleaf
别名(Chinese Common Name):革命菜
异名(Synonym): Gynura crepidioides Benth.  Gynura diversifolia Sch.Bip. ex Asch.  Gynura microcephala Vatke  Gynura polycephala Benth.  Crassocephalum diversifolium Hiern  Crassocephalum crepidioides f. luteum (Steen.) Belcher  Crassocephalum crepidioides var. lutea Steen.  Gynura crepidioides var. lutea
科属(Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)野茼蒿属
形态特征(Description):直立草本,高20-120厘米,茎有纵条棱,无毛叶膜质,椭圆形或长圆状椭圆形,长7-12厘米,宽4-5厘米,顶端渐尖,基部楔形,边缘有不规则锯齿或重锯齿,或有时基部羽状裂,两面无或近无毛;叶柄长2-2.5厘米。头状花序数个在茎端排成伞房状,直径约3厘米,总苞钟状,长1-1.2厘米,基部截形,有数枚不等长的线形小苞片;总苞片1层,线状披针形,等长,宽约1.5毫米,具狭膜质边缘,顶端有簇状毛,小花全部管状,两性,花冠红褐色或橙红色,檐部5齿裂,花柱基部呈小球状,分枝,顶端尖,被乳头状毛。瘦果狭圆柱形,赤红色,有肋,被毛;冠毛极多数,白色,绢毛状,易脱落。花期7-12月。
分布(Distribution):产江西、福建、湖南、湖北、广东及西南地区,生于海拔300-1800米的山坡路旁、水边、灌丛中。
用途(Use):全草入药,有健脾、消肿之功效,治消化不良、脾虚浮肿等症。嫩叶是一种味美的野菜。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 536, 537
Crassocephalum crepidioides (Bentham) S. Moore, J. Bot. 50: 211. 1912.
野茼蒿 ye tong hao | Asteraceae  | Crassocephalum
Gynura crepidioides Bentham in Hooker, Niger Fl. 438. 1849.
Plants erect, 20-120 cm tall. Stems striate, glabrous. Leaf petiole 2-2.5 cm; blade elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 7-12 × 4-5 cm, membranous, both surfaces glabrous or subglabrous, base cuneate, margin irregularly serrate or double-serrate, sometimes pinnately lobed at base, apex acuminate. Capitula several to numerous in terminal corymbiform cymes, shortly pedunculate, 3-5 mm in diam. Involucres cylindric, 1-1.2 cm, basally truncate, with few unequal linear bracteoles; bracts of calyculus 6-21, 2-6 mm; phyllaries uniseriate, linear-lanceolate, equal, ca. 1.5 mm wide, margin narrowly scarious, apically puberulent. Florets tubular, bisexual; corolla red-brownish or orange, rarely yellow, 8-10 mm; lobes 5, ca. 1 mm. Style branches acute, papillose. Achenes brownish, narrowly oblong, 1.8-2.3 mm, ribbed, hairy. Pappus 7-13 mm, early deciduous. Fl. Jul-Dec.
Slopes, roadsides, streamsides, thickets; 300-1800 m. ?Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Hubei, ?Jiangsu, Jiangxi, ?Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, ?Zhejiang [native to Africa; pantropical weed of Africa, S and SE Asia, Australia, Central and South America, and Pacific islands].
Crassocephalum crepidioides is used medicinally to invigorate the spleen and treat indigestion; the young leaves are an edible wild vegetable.
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
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