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血满草Sambucus adnata

时间:2013-07-19 13:37来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 血满草 学名( Scientific Name ): Sambucus adnata Wall. ex DC. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 血莽草 异名( Synonym ): Sambucus gautschii Wettst. Sambucus schweriniana Rehder







中文名(Chinese Name):血满草
学名(Scientific Name):Sambucus adnata Wall. ex DC.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):血莽草
异名(Synonym):Sambucus gautschii Wettst.  Sambucus schweriniana Rehder
科属(Family & Genus):忍冬科(Caprifoliaceae)接骨木属
形态特征(Description):多年生高大草本或半灌木,高1-2米;根和根茎红色,折断后流出红色汁液。茎草质,具明显的棱条。羽状复叶具叶片状或条形的托叶;小叶3-5对,长椭圆形、长卵形或披针形,长4-15厘米,宽1.5-2.5厘米,先端渐尖,基部钝圆,两边不等,边缘有锯齿,上面疏被短柔毛,脉上毛较密,顶端一对小叶基部常沿柄相连,有时亦与顶生小叶片相连,其他小叶在叶轴上互生,亦有近于对生;小叶的托叶退化成瓶状突起的腺体。聚伞花序顶生,伞形式,长约15厘米,具总花梗,3-5出的分枝成锐角,初时密被黄色短柔毛,多少杂有腺毛;花小,有恶臭;萼被短柔毛;花冠白色;花丝基部膨大,花药黄色;子房3室,花柱极短或几乎无,柱头3裂。果实红色,圆形。花期5-7月,果熟期9-10月。
分布(Distribution):产陕西、宁夏、甘肃、青海、四川、贵州、云南和西藏等地。生于林下、沟边、灌丛中、山谷斜坡湿地以及高山草地等处,海拔1600-3600米。
用途(Use):民间为跌打损伤药,能活血散瘀,亦可去风湿,利尿。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 612
Sambucus adnata Wallich ex Candolle, Prodr. 4: 322. 1830.
血满草 xue man cao
Sambucus schweriniana Rehder. | Adoxaceae  | Sambucus
Herbs, suffrutescent, or low shrubs, 1-2 m tall, rhizomatous. Pith of roots and rhizomes white or red. Stem herbaceous, obviously striate; pith white or red; lenticels absent. Leaves imparipinnate; stipules bladelike or linear; leaflets 3-5 pairs, narrowly elliptic to narrowly ovate or lanceolate, 4-15 × 1.5-2.5 cm, abaxially sparsely pubescent, more densely pubescent on veins, base obtuse and oblique, margin serrate, apex acuminate; terminal pair of leaflets often connate at base along rachis, sometimes connected also with terminal leaflet, remaining leaflets alternate or sometimes subopposite; stipules of leaflets reduced to urceolate glands. Inflorescences terminal, pedunculate, with 3-5 rays, umbellate cymes, 12-15 cm broad and tall, with dense yellow pubescence when young and ± glandular hairy. Flowers all normal, not reduced to glands, 4-5 mm in diam.; calyx urceolate, pubescent; corolla white; filaments dilated at base, anthers yellow; ovary locules 3; styles short or nearly absent; stigma 3-lobed. Fruit orange or red, becoming black on drying, globose, 3-4 mm in diam.; pyrenes ovoid, ca. 2 × 1.5 mm, rugose or smooth. Fl. May-Jul(-Sep), fr. Sep-Oct. 2n = 36*.
Forests, thickets, streamsides, moist shaded mountain slopes, alpine grasslands; 1600-3600 m. Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, India (Darjeeling, Sikkim)].
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