织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 果蔬农作物 >

茄Solanum melongena

时间:2013-11-09 17:00来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 茄 学名( Scientific Name ): Solanum melongena Linn. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 茄子 异名( Synonym ): Solanum melongena var. esculentum Nees Solanum melongena var. serp
中文名(Chinese Name):
学名(Scientific Name):Solanum melongena Linn.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):茄子
异名(Synonym):Solanum melongena var. esculentum Nees  Solanum melongena var. serpentinum Bailey  Solanum esculentum Dunal  Solanum melongena var. depressum L. H. Bailey  Solanum longum Roxb.  Solanum oviferum Salisb.  Solanum ovigerum Dunal  Solanum insanum L.  Solanum melongenum St.-Lag.  Melongena esculenta (Dunal) Grecescu  Melongena ovata Mill.  Solanum trongum Poir.  Solanum album Noronha, nomen nudum  Solanum ovigerum var. album Sweet, nomen nudum  Solanum ovigerum var. ruber Sweet, nomen nudum  Solanum ovigerum var. violaceum Sweet, nomen nudum  Solanum ovigerum var. luteum Sweet, nomen nudum  Solanum ovigerum var. oblongo-cylindricum Dunal  Solanum ovigerum var. insanum Blume  Solanum aethiopicum var. violaceum Dunal  Solanum melongena subsp. agreste Dikii  Solanum melongena var. giganteum (Alef.) Dikii  Solanum melongena var. globosi Dikii  Solanum melongena var. inerme (Dunal) Hiern  Solanum melongena var. leucoum (Alef.) Dikii  Solanum melongena var. ovigera Pers.  Solanum melongena var. racemiflorum Dikii  Solanum melongena var. racemosum Dikii  Solanum melongena var. stenoleucum (Alef.) Dikii  Solanum melongena var. variegatum (Alef.) Dikii  Solanum melongena var. violaceum (Alef.) Dikii  Solanum melongena var. viride Dikii  Solanum edule var. multifidum Dunal  Solanum esculentum var. aculeatum Dunal  Solanum esculentum var. inerme Dunal  Solanum esculentum var. subinerme Dunal  Solanum trongum var. divaricatum Dunal  Solanum trongum var. rumphii Dunal  Solanum trongum var. tongdongense Dunal  Solanum ovigerum notst sinuatorepandum Dunal  Solanum ovigerum notst subrepandum Dunal  Solanum ovigerum notst violaceum
科属(Family & Genus):茄科Solanaceae茄属Solanum
形态特征(Description):直立分枝草本至亚灌木,高可达1米,小枝,叶柄及花梗均被6-8-(10)分枝,平贴或具短柄的星状绒毛,小枝多为紫色(野生的往往有皮刺),渐老则毛被逐渐脱落。叶大,卵形至长圆状卵形,长8-18厘米或更长,宽5-11厘米或更宽,先端钝,基部不相等,边缘浅波状或深波状圆裂,上面被3-7-(8)分枝短而平贴的星状绒毛,下面密被7-8分枝较长而平贴的星状绒毛,侧脉每边4-5条,在上面疏被星状绒毛,在下面则较密,中脉的毛被与侧脉的相同(野生种的中脉及侧脉在两面均具小皮刺),叶柄长约2-4.5厘米(野生的具皮刺)。能孕花单生,花柄长约1-1.8厘米,毛被较密,花后常下垂,不孕花蝎尾状与能孕花并出;萼近钟形,直径约2.5厘米或稍大,外面密被与花梗相似的星状绒毛及小皮刺,皮刺长约3毫米,萼裂片披针形,先端锐尖,内面疏被星状绒毛,花冠辐状,外面星状毛被较密,内面仅裂片先端疏被星状绒毛,花冠筒长约2毫米,冠檐长约2.1厘米,裂片三角形,长约1厘米;花丝长约2.5毫米,花药长约7.5毫米;子房圆形,顶端密被星状毛,花柱长4-7毫米,中部以下被星状绒毛,柱头浅裂。果的形状大小变异极大。本种因经长期栽培而变异极大,花的颜色及花的各部数目均有出入,一般有白花,紫花,5-6-7数。果的形状有长或圆,颜色有白、红、紫等,一般栽培供食用的有长形及圆形(var. esculentum Nees),但一种长形基部弯扭的为var. serpentinum Bailey.
分布(Distribution):原产亚洲(?)热带,Sendtner认为原产阿拉伯。我国各省均有栽培。
用途(Use):果可供蔬食。根、茎、叶入药,为收敛剂,有利尿之效,叶也可以作麻醉剂。种子为消肿药,也用为刺激剂,但容易引起胃弱及便秘,果生食可解食菌中毒。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 325   
Solanum melongena Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 186. 1753.
茄 qie | Solanaceae  | Solanum
Solanum esculentum Dunal; S. melongena var. esculentum (Dunal) Nees; S. melongena var. serpentinum Linnaeus; S. melongena var. depressum Linnaeus.
Herbs or subshrubs to 60 cm tall, sparingly armed, pubescent with stellate hairs. Stems and branches minutely tomentose, sometimes with stout recurved prickles. Petiole 2-4.5 cm; leaf blade ovate to oblong-ovate, 6-18 × 5-11 cm, stellate-tomentose or sometimes with a few fine prickles on both surfaces, denser abaxially, base oblique, margin sinuate-lobed, apex obtuse. Inflorescences mostly solitary flowers, rarely reduced racemes; peduncle obsolete. Flowers andromonoecious. Pedicel 1-1.8 cm. Calyx stellate tomentose, often with ca. 3 mm prickles abaxially; lobes lanceolate. Corolla purplish or violet, rotate, 3(-5) cm; lobes deltate, ca. 1 cm. Filaments ca. 2.5 mm; anthers ca. 7.5 mm. Style 4-7 mm. Berry black, purple, pink, brown, or yellow, yellowish when completely mature, greatly variable in form and size, mostly more than 6 cm in diam., with a thick, spongy, whitish mesocarp and septal region. Seeds lenticular, yellowish, 2.8-3.9 × 2.5-3.5 mm.
Widely cultivated in China and other countries
Edible fruits.
 




(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(4)
57.1%
踩一下
(3)
42.9%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片