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菠萝Ananas comosus

时间:2013-07-18 09:47来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):菠萝 学名( Scientific Name ): Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. 英文名( English Common Name ): pineapple 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 凤梨 异名( Synonym ): Bromelia comosa L.;Ananas sativus (Lindl.) Schltr. f






中文名(Chinese Name):菠萝
学名(Scientific Name):Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.
英文名(English Common Name):pineapple
别名(Chinese Common Name):凤梨
异名(Synonym):Bromelia comosa L.;Ananas sativus (Lindl.) Schltr. f.;Bromelia communis Lam.;Bromelia edulis Salisb., nom. illeg.;Bromelia mai-pouri Perrier;Bromelia pigna Perrier;Bromelia rubra Schult. & Schult.f.;Bromelia violacea Schult. & Schult.f.;Bromelia viridis (Mill.) Schult. & Schult.f.;Ananas argentata J.C.Wendl. ex Schult. & Schult.f.;Ananas aurata J.C.Wendl. ex Schult. & Schult.f.;Ananas coccineus Descourt.;Ananas debilis Schult. & Schult.f.;Ananas maxima Schult. & Schult.f.;Ananas ovatus Mill.;Ananas pancheanus André;Ananas penangensis Baker;Ananas pyramidalis Mill.;Ananas serotinus Mill.;Ananas viridis Mill.;Ananassa ananas (L.) H.Karst.;Ananassa debilis Lindl.;Ananassa porteana (Veitch ex K.Koch) Carrière;Distiacanthus communis (Lam.) Rojas Acosta;Ananas bracteatus var. hondurensis Bertoni;Ananas bracteatus var. paraguayensis Bertoni;Ananas comosus f. sativus (Schult. & Schult.f.) Mez;Ananas comosus var. variegatus (Lowe) Moldenke;Ananas sativus var. hispanorum Bertoni;Ananas sativus var. muricatus Mez;Ananas sativus var. pyramidalis Bertoni;Ananas sativus var. variegatus Lowe;Ananas sativus var. viridis (Mill.) Bertoni;Bromelia ananas var. prolifera F.Cuvier;Ananas domestica Rumph.;Ananas sativa Lindl.
科属Family & Genus):凤梨科(Bromeliaceae)凤梨属
形态特征Description):茎短。叶多数,莲座式排列,剑形,长40-90厘米,宽4-7厘米,顶端渐尖,全缘或有锐齿,腹面绿色,背面粉绿色,边缘和顶端常带褐红色,生于花序顶部的叶变小,常呈红色。花序于叶丛中抽出,状如松球,长6-8厘米,结果时增大;苞片基部绿色,上半部淡红色,三角状卵形;萼片宽卵形,肉质,顶端带红色,长约1厘米;花瓣长椭圆形,端尖,长约2厘米,上部紫红色,下部白色。聚花果肉质,长15厘米以上。花期夏季至冬季。
分布Distribution):原产美洲热带地区,广东、海南、云南等省市有栽培。
用途(Use):凤梨俗称菠萝,为著名热带水果之一。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 24 Page 18
Ananas comosus (Linnaeus) Merrill, Interpr. Herb. Amboin. 133. 1917.
凤梨 feng li | Bromeliaceae  | Ananas
Bromelia comosa Linnaeus, Herb. Amb. 21. 1754; B. ananas Linnaeus.
Leaves sword-shaped, margin coarsely and laxly spinose serrate. Scape short. Inflorescence many flowered; floral bracts inconspicuous, margin serrulate or entire. Flowers numerous. Sepals free, slightly asymmetric, apex obtuse. Petals violet or reddish, free but connivent and tubelike. Stamens included. Syncarp globose, ovoid, or elongate, 15 cm or longer at maturity, becoming fleshy and fragrant. Seeds absent or very rare.
Cultivated. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, S Yunnan [native to South America].
This species is grown throughout the tropics for its edible syncarp.
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