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篦苞风毛菊Saussurea pectinata

时间:2013-11-11 14:17来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 篦苞风毛菊 学名( Scientific Name ): Saussurea pectinata Korsh. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Saussurea davidii Franch. Saussurea davidii var. macrocephal
中文名(Chinese Name):篦苞风毛菊
学名(Scientific Name):Saussurea pectinata Korsh.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Saussurea davidii Franch.  Saussurea davidii var. macrocephala Franch.  Saussurea pectinata var. macrocephala (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz.  Saussurea pectinata var. pekinensis Maxim.
科属(Family & Genus):菊科Compositae风毛菊属Saussurea
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,高20-100厘米。根状茎斜升,颈部被褐色纤维状撕裂的叶柄残迹。茎直立,有棱,下部被稀疏蛛丝毛,上部被短糙毛。基生叶花期枯萎,下部和中部茎叶有柄,柄长4.5-5厘米,有时达17厘米,叶片全形卵形、卵状披针形或椭圆形,长9-22厘米,宽4-12厘米,羽状深裂,少羽状浅裂,侧裂片(4)5-8对,宽卵形、长椭圆形或披针形,顶端急尖或钝,边缘深波状或缺刻状钝锯齿,上面及边缘有糙毛,绿色,下面淡绿色,有短柔毛及腺点;上部茎叶有短柄,羽状浅裂或不裂而边缘全缘。头状花序数个在茎枝顶端排成伞房花序。总苞钟状,直径1-2厘米;总苞片5层,上部被蛛丝毛,外层卵状披针形,长1厘米,宽3毫米,顶端草绿色,边缘栉齿状,通常反折,中层披针形至长椭状披针形,长1.1厘米,宽2毫米,顶端草绿色,内层线形,长1.3厘米,宽1.2毫米,顶端钝,粉紫色。小花紫色,长12毫米,细管部长6毫米,檐部长6毫米。瘦果圆柱状,长3毫米,无毛。冠毛2层,污白色,外层短,糙毛状,长2毫米,内层长,羽毛状,长8毫米。花果期8-10月。
分布(Distribution):分布北京、辽宁、吉林、河北、山西、内蒙古、山东、河南、陕西、甘肃。生于山坡林下、林缘、路旁、草原、沟谷,海拔350-1900米。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 124, 129, 133
Saussurea pectinata Bunge ex Candolle, Prodr. 6: 538. 1838.
篦苞风毛菊 bi bao feng mao ju | Asteraceae  | Saussurea
Saussurea davidii Franchet; S. davidii var. macrocephala Franchet; S. pectinata var. macrocephala (Franchet) Handel-Mazzetti; S. pectinata var. pekinensis Maximowicz.
Herbs 20-100 cm tall, perennial. Stem solitary, erect, apically branched. Basal and lower stem leaves petiolate; petiole 3.5-9.5(-17) cm; leaf blade ovate, ovate-oblong, or elliptic, 5-22 × 2-12 cm, pinnately lobed, abaxially pale green, gland-dotted, and strigose especially on veins but glabrescent, adaxially green, scabrid, and strigose; lateral lobes 4-9 pairs, ovate to narrowly ovate-elliptic, margin sinuate or lobed-dentate, apex acute to obtuse and mucronate. Middle and upper stem leaves shortly petiolate; leaf blade pinnately lobed or undivided and margin entire. Capitula several, in a corymbiform synflorescence, usually long pedunculate. Involucre campanulate, 0.8-1.2(-2) cm in diam. Phyllaries in 4 or 5 rows, apically arachnoid; outer phyllaries narrowly ovate, 10-13 × 3-4 mm, usually reflexed, margin pectinate with 3-5 teeth; middle phyllaries narrowly ovate-elliptic, 11-13 × 1.5-2.5 mm, margin pectinate; inner phyllaries purple, linear, 13-14 × 1-1.5 mm, margin entire. Corolla purple, 1.2-1.4 cm, tube 5-8 mm, limb 6-7 mm, lobes 4-5 mm. Achene blackish brown with black spots, cylindric, 3-5 mm, glabrous. Pappus dirty white; outer bristles 3-4 mm; inner bristles 8-10 mm. Fl. and fr. Aug-Oct.
● Forests, forest margins, trailsides, steppes, ravines; 300-1900 m. Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi.
 
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