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酸模Rumex acetosa

时间:2013-11-11 14:54来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 酸模 学名( Scientific Name ): Rumex acetosa Linn. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 遏蓝菜、酸溜溜 异名( Synonym ): Acetosa agrestis Raf. Acetosa amplexicaulis Raf. Acetosa a
中文名(Chinese Name):酸模
学名(Scientific Name):Rumex acetosa Linn.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):遏蓝菜、酸溜溜
异名(Synonym):Acetosa agrestis Raf.  Acetosa amplexicaulis Raf.  Acetosa angustata Raf.  Acetosa bidentula Raf.  Acetosa fontanopaludosa (Kalela) Holub  Acetosa hastifolia Schur  Acetosa hastulata Raf.  Acetosa magna Gilib.  Acetosa officinalis Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.  Acetosa olitoria Raf.  Acetosa pratensis subsp. fontanopaludosa (Kalela) Tzvelev  Acetosa subalpina Schur  Lapathum acetosa Scop.  Lapathum pratense Lam.  Rumex biformis Lange  Rumex acetosa subsp. biformis (Lange) Valdés Berm. & Castrov.  Rumex acetosa subsp. fontanopaludosus (Kalela) Hyl.  Rumex acetosa var. fontanopaludosus (Kalela) Hyl.  Rumex fontanopaludosus Kalela
科属Family & Genus):蓼科Polygonaceae酸模属Rumex
形态特征Description):多年生草本。根为须根。茎直立,高40-100厘米,具深沟槽,通常不分枝。基生叶和茎下部叶箭形,长3-12厘米,宽2-4厘米,顶端急尖或圆钝,基部裂片急尖,全缘或微波状;叶柄长2-10厘米;茎上部叶较小,具短叶柄或无柄;托叶鞘膜质,易破裂。花序狭圆锥状,顶生,分枝稀疏;花单性,雌雄异株;花梗中部具关节;花被片6, 成2轮,雄花内花被片椭圆形,长约3毫米,外花被片较小,雄蕊6;雌花内花被片果时增大,近圆形,直径3.5-4毫米,全缘,基部心形,网脉明显,基部具极小的小瘤,外花被片椭圆形,反折,瘦果椭圆形,具3锐棱,两端尖,长约2毫米,黑褐色,有光泽。花期5-7月,果期6-8月。
分布(Distribution):产我国南北各省区。生山坡、林缘、沟边、路旁,海拔400-4100米。朝鲜、日本、高加索、哈萨克斯坦、俄罗斯、欧洲及美洲也有。
用途(Use):全草供药用,有凉血、解毒之效;嫩茎、叶可作蔬菜及饲料。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 335
Rumex acetosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 337. 1753.
[nom. cons.]
酸模 suan mo | Polygonaceae  | Rumex
Acetosa pratensis Miller.
Herbs perennial, dioecious, with a short and relatively thin horizontal or slightly oblique rootstock, usually not reaching deep into substrate and with rather crowded secondary roots. Stems erect, 40-100 cm tall, grooved, glabrous, usually simple. Basal leaves ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, base sagittate, 3-12 × 2-4 cm, margin entire, apex acute, basal lobes acute at apices; cauline leaves small; petiole short or nearly absent; ocrea fugacious, white, membranous. Inflorescence terminal, paniculate, lax; branches reddish green, slender, simple or with a few secondary branches. Flowers unisexual. Pedicel slender, articulate at middle. Male flowers: outer tepals erect, small; inner tepals elliptic, ca. 3 mm. Female flowers: outer tepals elliptic, reflexed in fruit; inner tepals enlarged in fruit; valves nearly orbicular (to broadly ovate), 3.5-4 mm in diam., with small recurved tubercles at base of valves, net veined, base cordate, margin entire, apex obtuse. Achenes blackish brown, shiny, ellipsoid, trigonous, ca. 2 mm. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Jun-Aug. 2n = 14*, 15*, 22*.
Mountain slopes, forest margins, moist valleys; 400-4100 m. ?Anhui, ?Fujian, ?Guangxi, ?Guizhou, Heilongjiang, ?Henan, Hubei, ?Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, ?Shaanxi, ?Shandong, ?Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, ?Zhejiang [Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russia; Europe, North America].
 




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