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袋果草Peracarpa carnosa

时间:2013-11-11 14:07来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 袋果草 学名( Scientific Name ): Peracarpa carnosa (Wall.) Hook. f. et Thoms. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 肉荚草 异名( Synonym ): Campanula carnosa Wall. Peracarpa carno
中文名(Chinese Name):袋果草
学名(Scientific Name):Peracarpa carnosa (Wall.) Hook. f. et Thoms.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):肉荚草
异名(Synonym):Campanula carnosa Wall.  Peracarpa carnosa f. macrantha Nakai ex H. Hara  Peracarpa carnosa var. circaeoides (F. Schmidt) Makino  Peracarpa carnosa var. formosana H. Hara  Peracarpa carnosa var. kiusiana H. Hara  Peracarpa carnosa var. pumila H. Hara  Peracarpa circaeoides (F. Schmidt) Feer  Peracarpa luzonica Rolfe  Wahlenbergia ovata D.Don  Campanula ovata (D.Don) Spreng.
科属(Family & Genus):桔梗科Campanulaceae袋果草属Peracarpa
形态特征(Description):纤细草本,茎肉质,直径约1毫米或不及1毫米,长5-15厘米,无毛。叶多集中于茎上部,具长3-15毫米的叶柄,叶片膜质或薄纸质,卵圆形或圆形,基部平钝或浅心形,顶端圆钝或多少急尖,长8-25毫米,宽7-20毫米,两面无毛或上面疏生贴伏的短硬毛,边缘波状,但湾缺处有短刺;茎下部的叶疏离而较小。花梗细长而常伸直,长可达6厘米,但有时短至1厘米;花萼无毛,筒部倒卵状圆锥形,裂片三角形至条状披针形;花冠白色或紫蓝色,裂片条状椭圆形。果倒卵状,长4-5毫米。种子棕褐色,长1.7毫米。花期3-5月,果期4-11月。
分布(Distribution):产西藏、云南、四川、贵州、湖北、江苏、浙江、台湾。克什米尔地区、尼泊尔、锡金、不丹、印度东部、泰国、菲律宾、日本和苏联远东地区也有。生于海拔3000米以下的林下及沟边潮湿岩石上。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 19 Page 551
Peracarpa carnosa (Wallich) J. D. Hooker & Thomson, J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 2: 26. 1857.
袋果草 dai guo cao | Campanulaceae  | Peracarpa
Campanula carnosa Wallich in Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 102. 1824; C. circaeoides F. Schmidt; C. ovata (D. Don) Sprengel; Peracarpa carnosa var. circaeoides (F. Schmidt) Makino; P. carnosa var. formosana H. Hara; P. circaeoides (F. Schmidt) Feer; Wahlenbergia ovata D. Don.
Plants delicate. Rhizomes creeping, prostrate, slender, branched. Stems erect or reclining, rarely prostrate, 4-25 cm tall, slender, fleshy, glabrous, unbranched or rarely few branched at base, sometimes rooting at nodes. Leaves crowded toward apex of stem, those toward base distant and smaller; blade abaxially green, sometimes suffused with purple, adaxially green, ovate to orbicular, 3-38 × 3-28 mm, membranous or papery, abaxially glabrous or rarely pubescent, adaxially glabrous or sparsely appressed hispidulous, base truncate, subcordate, or cordate, margin flat, crenulate, serrate, serrulate, sometimes ciliate, with gland at each sinus, apex rounded, obtuse, or acute, often mucronate; petiole 2-17 mm. Flowers solitary and axillary, rarely 2-4(-17) in a fascicle. Pedicels slender, ebracteolate, 2-70 mm. Hypanthium obconic or obovoid, glabrous; calyx lobes subulate, narrowly triangular, or triangular. Corolla white, blue-purple, or sometimes pale blue, funnelform-campanulate, 3-10 mm; lobes linear to elliptic. Capsule pendent, obovoid or broadly obovoid, rarely ellipsoid, 2.5-5.5 × 1.5-5 mm; pericarp thin, membranous, prominently veined, distended by mature seeds, eventually ruptured irregularly, mostly at base. Seeds 10-16 per capsule, brown, finely striate, oblong, narrowly oblong, ellipsoid, or fusiform, ca. 1.7 mm. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Apr-Nov. 2n = 30.
Forests or moist rocks by streams; 1300-3800 m. Anhui (Jinzhai), Chongqing (Jinfo Shan), Guizhou (Kaili), Hubei (Shennongjia), S Jiangsu, Sichuan (Baoxing, Ebian, Emei), Taiwan, S Xizang (Yadong), W Yunnan, Zhejiang (Hangzhou) [Bhutan, NE India, Japan, Korea (Cheju Do), N Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russia (Sakhalin), N Thailand].
 




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