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锦地罗Drosera burmanni

时间:2018-07-01 09:33来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 锦地罗 学名( Scientific Name ): Drosera burmanni Vahl 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 落地金钱、钉地金钱、乌蝇草 异名( Synonym ): Drosera burmanni var. dietrichiana (Rchb.f
中文名(Chinese Name):锦地罗
学名(Scientific Name):Drosera burmanni Vahl
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):落地金钱、钉地金钱、乌蝇草
异名(Synonym):Drosera burmanni var. dietrichiana (Rchb.f.) Diels
科属(Family & Genus):茅膏菜科Droseraceae茅膏菜属Drosera
形态特征(Description):草本,茎短,不具球茎。叶莲座状密集,楔形或倒卵状匙形,长0.6-1.5厘米,基部渐狭,近无柄或具短柄,绿色或变红色至紫红色,叶缘头状粘腺毛长而粗,常紫红色,叶面腺毛较细短,叶背被柔毛或无毛;托叶膜质,长约4毫米,基部与叶柄合生,上部分离,5-7深裂或2-3深裂而每裂片再作1-3裂。花序花葶状,1-3条,具花2-19朵,长6-22厘米,无毛或具白色腺点,红色或紫红色;苞片被短腺毛,3或5裂,戟形,居中1裂特长,线形,两边裂片短小,钻形或三角形;花柄长1-7毫米,被腺毛或无毛;花萼钟形,5裂几达基部,浅绿色、红色或紫红色,背面被短腺毛和白腺点,宿萼腹面密具黑点或无点;花瓣5,倒卵形,长约4毫米,白色或变浅红色至紫红色;雄蕊5;子房近球形,无毛,侧膜胎座5,稀6,花柱5,稀6,内卷,顶部齿裂。蒴果,果爿5,稀6;种子多数,棕黑色,具规则脉纹。花果期全年。
分布(Distribution):产云南、广西、广东、福建等省区南部和台湾省。生于海拔50-1520米的平地、山坡、山谷和山顶的向阳处或疏林下,常见于雨季。广布于亚洲、非洲和大洋洲的热带和亚热带地区,多生于近海地带或海岛。
用途(Use):全株药用,味微苦,有清热去湿,凉血,化痰止咳和止痢之能。民间用于治肠炎、菌痢、喉痛、咳嗽和小儿疳积,外敷可治疮痈肿毒等。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 8 Page 199     
Drosera burmanni Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 50. 1794.
锦地罗 jin di luo| Droseraceae  | Drosera
Herbs annual or biennial, with few fibrous roots. Stem unbranched, extremely short, sometimes to 1 cm when growing in shade, not forming a tuber below ground. Leaves forming a flat rosette, subsessile or petiolate; stipule 3-7 mm, connate with petiole at base, 3-fid, lobes laciniate; petiole short or absent; leaf blade yellowish green or red to reddish violet, cuneate to obovate-spatulate, 6-10 × 5-7 mm, base attenuate, with glandular trichomes or glabrous, apex fimbriate. Inflorescence scapiform; racemes 1 or 2, 6-22 cm, glabrous or with white or red to reddish violet glands, 2-19-flowered; bracts simple, hastate, 1-3 mm; pedicels erect, 1-7 mm. Sepals 5, united at base, light green, red, or reddish violet, narrowly oblong, 2-3 mm, striate, tuberculate, abaxially with short, glandular hairs and white glands. Petals white to light red to reddish violet, obovate, ca. 4 × 2-3 mm. Stamens 5, ca. 3 mm. Ovary subglobose, glabrous; placentas 5(or 6); styles 5(or 6), filiform, 2-3 mm, incurved; stigma toothlike. Capsule 5- or 6-valved. Seeds dark-brown to black, veined. Fl. and fr. all year. 2n = 20*.
Shaded wet places, ridges between rice fields, soggy soils, lowland to mountain areas; sea level to 1500 m. S Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [E and SE Asia, Australia].
This species is used medicinally.


 




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