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山茄子Brachybotrys paridiformis

时间:2013-11-11 15:47来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 山茄子 学名( Scientific Name ): Brachybotrys paridiformis Maxim. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 假王孙、人参愰子 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 紫草科Boraginace
中文名(Chinese Name):山茄子
学名(Scientific Name):Brachybotrys paridiformis Maxim.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):假王孙、人参愰子
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):紫草科Boraginaceae山茄子属Brachybotrys
形态特征(Description):根状茎粗约3毫米。茎直立,高30-40厘米,不分枝,上部疏生短伏毛。基部茎生叶鳞片状;中部茎生叶具长叶柄,叶片倒卵状长圆形,长2-5厘米,下面稍有短伏毛;叶柄长3-5厘米,有狭翅,下面有长柔毛;上部5-6叶假轮生,具短柄,叶片倒卵形至倒卵状椭圆形,长6-12厘米,宽2-5厘米,上面几无毛,下面有稀疏短伏毛,先端短渐尖,基部楔形。花序顶生,长约5厘米,具纤细的花序轴,花集于花序轴的上部,通常约为6朵;花梗长4-15毫米,无苞片,花序轴、花梗及花萼都有密短伏毛;花萼长约8毫米,5裂至近基部,裂片钻状披针形,果期长约11毫米;花冠紫色,长约11毫米,筒部约比檐部短2倍,檐部裂片倒卵状长圆形,长约6毫米,附属物舌状;雄蕊着生附属物之下,花丝长约4毫米,花药伸出喉部,长约3毫米,先端具小尖头;子房4裂,花柱长约1.7毫米,有弯曲,柱头微小,头状。小坚果长3-3.5毫米,背面三角状卵形,腹面由三个面组成,着生面在腹面近基部。
分布(Distribution):产辽宁、吉林、黑龙江。生林下、草坡、田边等处。
用途(Use):幼嫩时茎叶可作蔬菜。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 16 Page 375   
Brachybotrys paridiformis Maximowicz ex Oliver, Hooker's Icon. Pl. 13: 43. 1878.
山茄子 shan qie zi | Boraginaceae  | Brachybotrys
Rhizomes ca. 3 mm in diam. Stems erect, not branched at apex, 30-40 cm tall, sparsely short strigose. Lower stem leaves scalelike; petiole of middle stem leaves 3-5 cm; leaf blade obovate-oblong, 2-5 cm, abaxially villous, adaxially sparsely short strigose, narrowly winged; upper 5 or 6 leaves pseudo-whorled, short petiolate, obovate to obovate-elliptic, 6-12 × 2-5 cm, abaxially sparsely short strigose, adaxially subglabrous, base cuneate, apex short acuminate. Inflorescences terminal, ca. 5 mm, densely short strigose, ca. 6-flowered, ebracteate. Pedicel 4-15 mm. Flowers crowded on upper part of rachis. Calyx ca. 8 mm; lobes subulate-lanceolate, ca. 1.1 cm in fruit. Corolla purple, ca. 1.1 cm; tube ca. 1/2 as long as limb; appendages tongue-shaped; lobes ovate-oblong, ca. 6 mm. Stamens inserted below appendages; filaments ca. 4 mm; anthers exserted, ca. 3 mm, apex mucronulate. Style ca. 1.7 mm. Nutlets 3-3.5 mm, abaxial surfaces triangular-ovate, attachment scar near base. Fl. Apr-Jun. 2n = 24.
Forests, hillside meadows, field margins. Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning [Korea, Russia (Primorye)]
 




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