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绵枣儿Barnardia japonica

时间:2013-11-11 13:39来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 绵枣儿 学名( Scientific Name ): Barnardia japonica (Thunb.) Schult. Schult.f. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Scilla scilloides (Lindl.) Druce Scilla scill
中文名(Chinese Name):绵枣儿
学名(Scientific Name):Barnardia japonica (Thunb.) Schult. & Schult.f.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Scilla scilloides (Lindl.) Druce  Scilla scilloides var. albo-viridis (Hand-Mazz.) Wang et Y. C. Tang  Barnardia pulchella (Kitag.) Speta  Barnardia bispatha (Hand.-Mazz.) Speta  Barnardia borealijaponica (M. Kikuchi) Speta  Barnardia scilloides Lindl.  Barnardia alboviridis (Hand.-Mazz.) Speta  Ornithogalum sinense Lour.  Ornithogalum japonicum Thunb.  Scilla sinensis var. pulchella (Kitag.) Kitag.  Scilla thunbergii Miyabe et Kudo  Scilla thunbergii var. pulchella Kitag.  Scilla alboviridis Hand.-Mazz.  Scilla bispatha Hand.-Mazz.  Scilla scilloides f. albida Y. N. Lee  Scilla scilloides var. alboviridis (Hand.-Mazz.) F. T. Wang et T. Tang  Scilla scilloides var. mounsei (H. Lév.) McKean  Scilla sinensis (Lour.) Merr.  Scilla borealijaponica M. Kikuchi  Scilla chinensis Benth.  Scilla chinensis var. mounsei H. Lév.  Scilla scilloides var. pulchella (Kitag.) Kitag.  Loncomelos japonicum (Thunb.) Raf.  Ornithogalum chinense (Osbeck) Schult. & Schult.f.  Scilla barnardia K.Koch  Simira japonica (Thunb.) Raf.  Barnardia sinensis (Lour.) Speta  Convallaria chinensis Osbeck  Dracaena alliaria Lour. ex B.A.Gomes  Scilla sinensis f. albiflora (Satake) W.Lee  Scilla scilloides var. albiflora Satake  Scilla scilloides f. albiflora (Satake) Satake & Okuyama  Scilla chinensis f. alba T.Lee  Scilla scilloides var. litoralis Konta  Scilla scilloides var. scilloides
科属Family & Genus):百合科Liliaceae绵枣儿属Barnardia
形态特征Description):鳞茎卵形或近球形,高2-5厘米,宽1-3厘米,鳞茎皮黑褐色。基生叶通常2-5枚,狭带状,长15-40厘米,宽2-9毫米,柔软。花葶通常比叶长;总状花序长2-20厘米,具多数花;花紫红色、粉红色至白色,小,直径约4-5毫米,在花梗顶端脱落;花梗长5-12毫米,基部有1-2枚较小的、狭披针形苞片;花被片近椭圆形、倒卵形或狭椭圆形,长2.5-4毫米,宽约1.2毫米,基部稍合生而成盘状,先端钝而且增厚;雄蕊生于花被片基部,稍短于花被片;花丝近披针形,边缘和背面常多少具小乳突,基部稍合生,中部以上骤然变窄,变窄部分长约1毫米;子房长1.5-2毫米,基部有短柄,表面多少有小乳突,3室,每室1个胚珠;花柱长约为子房的一半至2/3。果近倒卵形,长3-6毫米,宽2-4毫米。种子1-3颗,黑色,矩圆状狭倒卵形,长约2.5-5毫米。花果期7-11月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、华北、华中以及四川、云南、广东、江西、江苏、浙江和台湾。生于海拔2600米以下的山坡、草地、路旁或林缘也分布于朝鲜、日本和苏联。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 24 Page 203
Barnardia japonica (Thunberg) Schultes & J. H. Schultes in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 555. 1829.
绵枣儿 mian zao er| Liliaceae  | Barnardia
Ornithogalum japonicum Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 328. 1784; Barnardia alboviridis (Handel-Mazzetti) Speta; B. bispatha (Handel-Mazzetti) Speta; B. borealijaponica M. Kikuchi) Speta; B. pulchella (Kitagawa) Speta; B. scilloides Lindley; B. sinensis (Loureiro) Speta; O. sinense Loureiro; Scilla alboviridis Handel-Mazzetti; S. bispatha Handel-Mazzetti; S. borealijaponica M. Kikuchi; S. chinensis Bentham, nom. illeg. (included B. scilloides); S. chinensis var. mounsei H. Léveillé; S. japonica Baker (1873), not Thunberg (1784); S. scilloides (Lindley) Druce; S. scilloides f. albida Y. N. Lee; S. scilloides var. alboviridis (Handel-Mazzetti) F. T. Wang & Y. C. Tang; S. scilloides var. mounsei (H. Léveillé) McKean; S. scilloides var. pulchella (Kitagawa) Kitagawa; S. sinensis Merrill (1919), not S. chinensis Bentham (1861); S. sinensis var. pulchella (Kitagawa) Kitagawa; S. thunbergii Miyabe & Kudô; S. thunbergii var. pulchella Kitagawa.
Bulb ovoid to globose, 2--5 × 1--3 cm; tunic blackish brown. Leaves usually 4 or 5, (10--)15--40 cm × 2--9 mm, soft, smooth. Scape longer than leaves. Raceme (2--)7--20 cm, densely many flowered; bracts narrowly lanceolate. Pedicels 5--12 mm. Perianth segments rose purple, pink, or white, obovate, elliptic, or narrowly elliptic, 2.5--4 × ca. 1.2 mm, slightly connate and discoid at base. Stamens 2--3.5 mm; filaments sublanceolate, papillose-puberulent or glabrous. Ovary 1.5--2 mm, papillose-puberulent; ovules 1 or 2 per locule. Style 1--1.3 mm. Capsule subobovoid, 3--6 × 2--4 mm. Seeds 1--3, 2.5--5 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul--Nov. 2 n = 16, 18, 26, 27, 34*, 35, 36, 43.
Forest margins, hillsides, open slopes, grasslands; near sea level to 2600 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Japan (including Ryukyu Islands), Korea, E Russia].
 




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