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阿拉伯婆婆纳Veronica persica

时间:2013-11-09 15:58来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 阿拉伯婆婆纳 学名( Scientific Name ): Veronica persica Poir. 英文名( English Common Name ): birdeye speedwell 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 波斯婆婆纳 异名( Synonym ): Pocilla persica (Poir.) Fourr. Ve
中文名(Chinese Name):阿拉伯婆婆纳
学名(Scientific Name):Veronica persica Poir.
英文名(English Common Name):birdeye speedwell
别名(Chinese Common Name):波斯婆婆纳
异名(Synonym):Pocilla persica (Poir.) Fourr.  Veronica persica var. aschersoniana (Lehm.) Boivin  Veronica persica var. corrensiana (Lehm.) Boivin  Veronica meskhetica Kem.-Nath.  Veronica buxbaumii Ten.  Veronica byzantina BSP.  Veronica diffusa Raf.  Veronica precox Raf.  Veronica tournefortii Gmel.
科属Family & Genus):玄参科(Scrophulariaceae)婆婆纳属
形态特征Description):铺散多分枝草本,高10-50厘米。茎密生两列多细胞柔毛。叶2-4对(腋内生花的称苞片,见下面),具短柄,卵形或圆形,长6-20毫米,宽5-18毫米,基部浅心形,平截或浑圆,边缘具钝齿,两面疏生柔毛。总状花序很长;苞片互生,与叶同形且几乎等大;花梗比苞片长,有的超过1倍;花萼花期长仅3-5毫米,果期增大达8毫米,裂片卵状披针形,有睫毛,三出脉;花冠蓝色、紫色或蓝紫色,长4-6毫米,裂片卵形至圆形,喉部疏被毛;雄蕊短于花冠。蒴果肾形,长约5-毫米,宽约7毫米,被腺毛,成熟后几乎无毛,网脉明显,凹口角度超过90度,裂片钝,宿存的花柱长约2.5毫米,超出凹口。种子背面具深的横纹,长约1.6毫米。花期3-5月。
分布(Distribution):分布于华东、华中、贵州、云南、西藏及新疆,为归化的路边及荒野杂草,原产于亚洲西部及欧洲。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 18 Page 70     
Veronica persica Poiret, Encycl. 8: 542. 1808.
阿拉伯婆婆纳 a la bo po po na| Scrophulariaceae  | Veronica
Annuals, sometimes biennials. Stems diffuse, ca. 10-20 cm tall, 20-50 cm, densely pubescent with multicellular hairs often more densely so along 2 lines. Opposite leaves in (2 or)3 or 4(or 5) pairs; petiole 1-8 mm; leaf blade ovate-lanceolate to suborbicular, (6-)10-20(-25) X (5-)8-15(-20) mm, evenly sparsely pubescent on both surfaces, margin flat, obtusely crenate-serrate, 3-6(-10)-toothed per side. Racemes terminal, lax, very long; bracts alternate, leaflike, petiolate, uppermost ones smaller than others. Fruiting pedicel (1.2-)1.5-3(-4) cm, usually longer than bract. Calyx 4-lobed; lobes ovate-lanceolate, 5-8(-10) X 2.5-3.5(-4) mm in fruit, sparsely pubescent, veins 3. Corolla usually blue, rotate, 0.8-1.4 cm in diam., throat sparsely hairy; lobes ovate to orbicular. Stamens slightly shorter than corolla. Capsule obcordate, strongly compressed, 4-6 X 6-9 mm, apically notched at right to obtuse angle; lobes obtuse, glandular hairy, venation conspicuously reticulate. Style 2-3 mm, exserted. Seeds slightly navicular, usually 1.4-2.3 X 0.9-1.6 mm; seed coat deeply rugose dorsally. Fl. Mar-May. 2n = 28.
Naturalized in waste fields and roadsides; below 1700 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Taiwan, W Xinjiang (Yining Xian), E Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [native to SW Asia and since the 19th century spread over most of the world].
 






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