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白果香楠Alleizettella leucocarpa

时间:2018-07-01 09:34来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 白果香楠 学名( Scientific Name ): Alleizettella leucocarpa (Champ. ex Benth.) Tirveng. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Aidia leucocarpa (Champ. ex Benth.)
中文名(Chinese Name):白果香楠
学名(Scientific Name):Alleizettella leucocarpa (Champ. ex Benth.) Tirveng.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Aidia leucocarpa (Champ. ex Benth.) T. Yamaz.  Randia leucocarpa Champion ex Bentham
科属(Family & Genus):茜草科Rubiaceae 白香楠属Alleizettella
形态特征(Description):无刺灌木,高1-3米,有时呈攀援状;小枝被锈色糙伏毛或柔毛,老时毛渐脱落。叶纸质或薄革质,对生,长圆状倒卵形、长圆形、狭椭圆形或披针形,长4.5-17厘米,宽1.5-6厘米,顶端渐尖至尾状渐尖,基部楔形,干时在下面较苍白,有时有棕黑色斑点,除下面中脉和侧脉有锈色糙伏毛外,余均无毛,或有时在下面被锈色疏柔毛,有时在上面中脉上亦有疏柔毛;侧脉4-7对,纤细,在下面凸起,在上面平或稍凸起;叶柄长4-12毫米,被糙伏毛;托叶阔三角形,顶端长尖,长约5毫米,被毛,脱落。聚伞花序有花数朵,长约2厘米,生于侧生短枝的顶端或老枝的节上,有糙伏毛或硬毛;小苞片披针形,被毛,长约1.5毫米;花梗长约2毫米;花萼被糙伏毛,长3-3.5毫米,萼管钟形,长2-2.5毫米,檐部稍扩大,顶端5裂,裂片三角形,顶端尖,长约1毫米;花冠白色,高脚碟形,冠管长约3毫米,外面上部有糙伏毛,喉部有长柔毛,花冠裂片5,近卵形,长约1.5毫米,外反;柱头2裂。浆果球形,淡黄白色,有疏柔毛或无毛,直径0.8-1.3厘米;种子2-4颗,扁球形,直径4-5毫米。花期4-6月,果期6月至翌年2月。
分布(Distribution):产于福建、广东、香港、广西、海南;生于海拔200-1000米处的山坡、山谷溪边林中或灌丛中。国外分布于越南。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 19 Page 74
Alleizettella leucocarpa (Champion ex Bentham) Tirvenga­dum, Nordic J. Bot. 3: 455. 1983.
白果香楠 bai guo xiang nan| Rubiaceae  | Alleizettella
Randia leucocarpa Champion ex Bentham, Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 194. 1852; Aidia leucocarpa (Champion ex Bentham) T. Yamazaki.
Shrubs, perhaps sometimes scandent, 1-3 m tall; branches compressed to subterete or subangled, strigose to strigillose or pilosulous often becoming glabrescent. Leaves equal to somewhat unequal; petiole 4-12 mm, strigose to strigillose; blade drying papery or thinly leathery, abaxially sometimes paler and/or brownish black speckled, oblong-obovate, elliptic-oblong, narrowly elliptic, or lanceolate, 4.5-17 × 1.5-6 cm, adaxially glabrous or sometimes strigillose to hirtellous along principal veins, abaxially glabrous to usually puberulent or hirtellous on blade and strigose to hirtellous along principal veins, base acute to cuneate, apex subacuminate to acuminate; secondary veins 4-7 pairs, in abaxial axils usually with pilosulous and usually also foveolate domatia; stipules persistent, shortly united around stem, broadly triangular, 4-7 mm, strigose to strigillose, long acuminate. Inflorescences 1-2 cm, densely strigose, strigillose, or hirtellous; bracts triangular to lanceolate, 0.5-2 mm, acute to acuminate; pedicels 2-3.5 mm. Calyx sparsely to densely strigose to strigillose; ovary portion obconic, 1-1.5 mm; limb campanulate, basal tubular portion 1.5-2 mm; lobes triangular to linear, 0.5-1 mm, acute. Corolla funnelform; tube 3-4 mm, outside strigose in upper part, inside villous at throat; lobes subovate to ligulate, 1.5-2 mm, outside puberulent to glabrous, obtuse to acute. Infructescences usually displaced to pseudoaxillary by subsequent stem growth. Fruit subglobose to somewhat oblate, 8-13 mm in diam., strigillose, pilosulous, or glabrous; seeds 2-4, compressed globose, 4-5 mm in diam. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Jun-Feb.
Forests or thickets at streamsides in valleys or on mountain slopes; 200-1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan [Vietnam].
 





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