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水团花Adina pilulifera

时间:2013-11-08 12:58来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):水团花 学名( Scientific Name ): Adina pilulifera (Lam.) Franch. ex Drake 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 水杨梅、假马烟树 异名( Synonym ): Adina globiflora Salisb. Adina pil
中文名(Chinese Name):水团花
学名(Scientific Name):Adina pilulifera (Lam.) Franch. ex Drake
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):水杨梅、假马烟树
异名(Synonym):Adina globiflora Salisb.  Adina pilulifera var. tonkinense (Pit.) Merr. ex H. L. Li  Cephalanthus pilulifera Lam.  Adina peduncularis DC.  Nauclea nipponica Masam.  Nauclea pilulifera (Lam.) Baill. ex Franch.  Cephalanthus piluliflorus Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.  Cephalanthus pilulifer Lam.  Nauclea adinoides Lindl.  Adina globiflora var. macrophylla Nakai  Adina globiflora var. tonkinensis Pit.  Adina pilulifera var. tonkinensis (Pit.) Merr. ex H.L.Li  Adina nipponica Masam.  Nauclea orientalis var. macrophylla (Nakai) Nakai
科属Family & Genus):茜草科(Rubiaceae)水团花属
形态特征(Description):常绿灌木至小乔木,高达5米;顶芽不明显,由开展的托叶疏松包裹。叶对生,厚纸质,椭圆形至椭圆状披针形,或有时倒卵状长圆形至倒卵状披针形,长4-12厘米,宽1.5-3厘米,顶端短尖至渐尖而钝头,基部钝或楔形,有时渐狭窄,上面无毛,下面无毛或有时被稀疏短柔毛;侧脉6-12对,脉腋窝陷有稀疏的毛;叶柄长2-6毫米,无毛或被短柔毛;托叶2裂,早落。头状花序明显腋生,极稀顶生,直径不计花冠4-6毫米,花序轴单生,不分枝;小苞片线形至线状棒形,无毛;总花梗长3-4. 5厘米,中部以下有轮生小苞片5枚;花萼管基部有毛,上部有疏散的毛,萼裂片线状长圆形或匙形;花冠白色,窄漏斗状,花冠管被微柔毛,花冠裂片卵状长圆形;雄蕊5枚,花丝短,着生花冠喉部;子房2室,每室有胚珠多数,花柱伸出,柱头小,球形或卵圆球形。果序直径8-10毫米;小蒴果楔形,长2-5毫米;种子长圆形,两端有狭翅。花期6-7月。
分布(Distribution):产于长江以南各省区;生于海拔200-350米山谷疏林下或旷野路旁、溪边水畔。国外分布于日本和越南。
用途(Use):全株可治家畜瘢痧热症。木材供雕刻用。根系发达,是很好的固堤植物。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 19 Page 69, 70      
Adina pilulifera (Lamarck) Franchet ex Drake, J. Bot. (Morot). 9: 207. 1895.
水团花 shui tuan hua| Rubiaceae  | Adina
Cephalanthus pilulifer Lamarck, Encycl. 1: 679. 1785; Adina globiflora Salisbury; A. globiflora var. tonkinensis Pitard; A. pilulifera var. tonkinensis (Pitard) Merrill ex H. L. Li.
Shrubs or small trees, evergreen, 1-5(-10) m tall; branches angled to terete, puberulent to glabrescent, often lenticellate, with bark usually gray. Leaves decussate; petiole 2-6 mm, glabrous or puberulent; blade drying papery to stiffly papery, narrowly elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, obovate-oblong, oblanceolate, or obovate-oblanceolate, 4-12 × 1.5-3 cm, adaxially glabrous, abaxially glabrous or sparsely puberulent on costa, base acute to cuneate or obtuse, apex acute to acuminate with tip usually ultimately blunt; secondary veins 6-12 pairs, usually with foveolate and/or pilosulous domatia; stipules persistent to caducous, in outline ovate, 3-8 mm, puberulent to glabrous, deeply bifid, lobes lanceolate to ovate, acute to acuminate, erect to spreading. Inflorescences puberulent to glabrous; peduncles 2-5 cm, with bracts ca. 2 mm; flowering heads borne separately on axillary or sometimes apically paired peduncles and/or infrequently in cymes of 3, 4-6 mm in diam. across calyces, 8-12 mm in diam. across corollas; bracteoles linear to linear-clavate, 1.3-1.8 mm. Calyx puberulent to glabrescent; ovary portion obconic, 0.5-1 mm, surrounded at base by a strigose ring; limb deeply lobed, lobes linear-oblong or spatulate, 1-1.8 mm, with apex thickened. Corolla white, narrowly funnelform, outside puberulent or hirtellous to glabrous; tube 2-3.5 mm; lobes ovate-oblong, 0.5-1 mm, obtuse. Stigma globose to obovoid, ca. 0.2 mm, exserted for 3-5 mm. Fruiting heads 7-11 mm in diam. Capsules obcuneate, 2-5 mm, puberulent to glabrescent; seeds ca. 2 mm. Fl. Jun-Sep, fr. Jul-Dec.
Thickets or sparse forests at streamsides, at roadsides, or in valleys; 200-400 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Vietnam].
H. L. Li (J. Arnold Arbor. 25: 317. 1944) recognized Adina pilulifera var. tonkinensis for Chinese plants from Guangxi, Hainan, and Yunnan but did not there explain their separation from the typical variety; no subsequent authors, including H. H. Hsue and H. Wu (in FRPS 71(1): 274-275. 1999), have recognized infraspecific taxa within this widespread species.
 




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