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美花报春Primula calliantha

时间:2013-10-30 18:48来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):美花报春 学名( Scientific Name ): Primula calliantha Franch. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 雪山厚叶报春 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 报春花科(Primulaceae)报
中文名(Chinese Name):美花报春
学名(Scientific Name):Primula calliantha Franch.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):雪山厚叶报春
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):报春花科(Primulaceae)报春花属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。根状茎短,具多数长根。叶丛基部有多数覆瓦状排列的鳞片,呈鳞茎状,直径可达2.5厘米;鳞片卵形至卵状披针形,长1.5-4.5厘米,先端钝圆或具凸尖头,鲜时带肉质,背面被黄粉。叶片狭卵形或倒卵状矩圆形至倒披针形,开花期长3-9厘米,宽1.2-3厘米,果期长可达18厘米,并常呈倒披针形,先端圆形或钝,基部楔状渐狭,边缘具小圆齿,干时厚纸质,上面深绿色,下面密被黄绿色粉,中肋稍宽,鲜时带红色,侧脉隐蔽;初花时叶柄甚短,后渐伸长,至果期与叶片近等长。花葶高10-30厘米,果期高可达,60厘米,上部被淡黄色粉;伞形花序1轮,3-10花;苞片狭披针形或先端渐尖成钻形,长5-12毫米,背面具明显的中肋,腹面密被黄粉;花梗稍粗壮,密被粉,初花时稍短于苞片果时可长于苞片2-3倍;花萼狭钟状,长10-13(15)毫米,内面密初黄粉,分裂达中部或深达全长的2/3,裂片窄矩圆形,先端钝或稍锐尖;花大,花冠淡紫红色至深蓝色,喉部被黄粉,环状附属物不明显,仅具1痕迹,冠檐直径2-3厘米,裂片阔倒卵形,先端2浅裂,小裂片全缘或具小齿;长花柱花:冠筒稍宽,自基部向上渐扩大,长约13毫米,雄蕊着生于冠筒中部,花柱长达冠筒口;短花柱花:冠筒较窄,长约14毫米,基部管状,至雄蕊着生处始扩大,雄蕊着生于冠筒上部,花药顶端接近筒口,花柱长约3毫米。蒴果仅略长于花萼。花期4-6月,果期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产云南大理、巍山、泸水等地,生长于海拔4000米山顶草地。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 156   
Primula calliantha Franchet, Bull. Soc. Bot. France. 32: 268. 1885.
美花报春 mei hua bao chun| Primulaceae  | Primula
Herbs perennial, with a bulblike stock formed by overlapping petioles and basal bud scales. Leaves forming a rosette; petiole initially inconspicuous, nearly as long as leaf blade at fruiting; leaf blade narrowly ovate to obovate-oblong or oblanceolate, 3--9 X 1.2--3 cm at anthesis, enlarging to 18 cm at fruiting, abaxially copiously greenish yellow farinose, base cuneate-attenuate, margin crenulate, apex rounded to obtuse. Scapes 10--30 cm, elongating to 60 cm in fruit, pale yellow farinose on distal part; umbels 3--10-flowered; bracts lanceolate to subulate, 5--12 mm. Pedicel slightly shorter than bracts at beginning of anthesis, elongating to 2--3 X as long as bracts in fruit, copiously farinose. Flowers heterostylous. Calyx tubular-campanulate, 6--13(--15) mm, densely yellow farinose inside, parted to middle or below; lobes narrowly oblong, apex obtuse to acute. Corolla purple, rose, or yellow, rarely white; limb 2--3 cm wide; lobes broadly obovate, emarginate. Capsule cylindric, slightly longer than calyx.
Pastures, meadows among Rhododendron, on rocks of steep humus-clad slopes; 3700--4500 m. SE Xixang, Yunnan [NE India (Assam), N Myanmar]
 




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