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酸模叶蓼Polygonum lapathifolium

时间:2013-10-30 14:15来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):酸模叶蓼 学名( Scientific Name ): Polygonum lapathifolium L. 英文名( English Common Name ): curlytop knotweed 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 大马蓼 异名( Synonym ): Polygonum lapathifolium var. xanthophy
中文名(Chinese Name):酸模叶蓼
学名(Scientific Name):Polygonum lapathifolium L.
英文名(English Common Name):curlytop knotweed
别名(Chinese Common Name):大马蓼
异名(Synonym):Polygonum lapathifolium var. xanthophyllum H. W. Kung  Persicaria lapathifolia subsp. pallida var. incana (Roth) S. Ekman et T. Knutsson  Persicaria vaniotiana H. Lév.  Polygonum nodosum var. incanum Ledeb.  Polygonum pyramidale H. Lév.  Polygonum vaniotianum (H. Lév.) H. Lév.  Polygonum nodosum Pers.  Polygonum komarovii H. Lév.  Persicaria nodosa (Pers.) Opiz  Persicaria lapathifolia (L.) Delarbre  Persicaria incarnata (Ell.) Small  Persicaria tomentosa (Schrank) Bickn.  Polygonum incanum F.W. Schmidt  Polygonum incarnatum Ell.  Polygonum oneillii Brenckle  Polygonum scabrum Moench  Polygonum lapathifolium var. nodosum (Pers.) Small  Polygonum lapathifolium var. ovatum A. Braun  Polygonum lapathifolium var. prostratum C.F.H. Wimmer  Dioctis maculatum Raf.  Dioctis vernum Raf.  Discolenta lapathifolia Raf.  Discolenta scabra Raf.  Persicaria brittingeri Opiz  Polygonum andrzejowskianum Klokov  Persicaria hypanica (Klokov) Tzvelev  Persicaria lapathifolia subsp. andrzejowskiana (Klokov) Soják  Persicaria lapathifolia subsp. brittingeri (Opiz) Soják  Persicaria lapathifolia subsp. hypanica (Klokov) Soják  Persicaria lapathifolia subsp. klokovii Soják  Persicaria lapathifolia subsp. linicola (Sutulov) Tzvelev  Persicaria lapathifolia subsp. pallida (With.) Knutsson  Persicaria lapathifolia subsp. saporoviensis (Klokov) Soják  Persicaria lapathifolia var. incana (Roth) S. Ekman & T. Knutsson  Persicaria lapathifolia var. linicola (Sutulov) Knutsson  Persicaria lapathifolia var. nodosa (Pers.) Qaiser  Persicaria lapathifolia var. tomentosa (Schrank) Tzvelev  Persicaria linicola (Sutulov) Nenukow  Persicaria oneillii Brenckle  Persicaria saporoviensis (Klokov) Tzvelev  Persicaria scabra var. incana (F.W.Schmidt) Tzvelev  Persicaria scabra (Moench) Moldenke  Peutalis incana Raf.  Peutalis nodosa (Pers.) Raf.  Peutalis scabra Raf.  Pogalis tomentosa Raf.  Polygonum ferrugineum var. patagonicum (Speg.) Macloskie  Polygonum glandulosum Kit.  Polygonum pallidum With.  Polygonum pensylvanicum subsp. oneilii (Brenckle) Hultén  Polygonum spectabile var. patagonica Speg.  Polygonum hypanicum Klokov  Polygonum lapathifolium f. nodosum (Pers.) Beck  Polygonum linicola Sutulov  Polygonum mariae V.N. Vassil.  Polygonum saporoviense Klokov  Polygonum persicaria var. vernicosum Cham. & Schltdl.  Polygonum utriculatum Remy
科属Family & Genus):蓼科(Polygonaceae)蓼属
形态特征Description):一年生草本,高40-90厘米。茎直立,具分枝,无毛,节部膨大。叶披针形或宽披针形,长5-15厘米,宽1-3厘米,顶端渐尖或急尖,基部楔形,上面绿色,常有一个大的黑褐色新月形斑点,两面沿中脉被短硬伏毛,全缘,边缘具粗缘毛;叶柄短,具短硬伏毛;托叶鞘筒状,长1.5-3厘米,膜质,淡褐色,无毛,具多数脉,顶端截形,无缘毛,稀具短缘毛。总状花序呈穗状,顶生或腋生,近直立,花紧密,通常由数个花穗再组成圆锥状,花序梗被腺体;苞片漏斗状,边缘具稀疏短缘毛;花被淡红色或白色,4(5)深裂,花被片椭圆形,外面两面较大,脉粗壮,顶端叉分,外弯;雄蕊通常6。瘦果宽卵形,双凹,长2-3毫米,黑褐色,有光泽,包于宿存花被内。花期6-8月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):广布于我国南北各省区,生海拔30-3900米田边、路旁、水边、荒地或沟边湿地。朝鲜、日本、蒙古、菲律宾、印度、巴基斯坦及欧洲也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 289
Polygonum lapathifolium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 360. 1753.
马蓼 ma liao  | Polygonaceae  | Polygonum
Herbs annual. Stems erect, 40-90 cm tall, branched, glabrous, subglabrous, or lanose, swollen at nodes. Petiole 2-5 mm, appressed hispidulous; leaf blade with large blackish spot adaxially, lanceolate or broadly lanceolate, 5-15 × 1-3 cm, abaxially nearly glabrous or densely lanose, adaxially nearly glabrous, sometimes densely lanose on both surfaces, base cuneate, margin ciliate, apex acuminate or acute; ocrea brownish, tubular, 1.5-3 cm, membranous, glabrous, apex truncate, not ciliate or rarely shortly ciliate. Inflorescence terminal or axillary, spicate, erect or nodding, 3-8 cm, densely flowered, several spikes aggregated and panicle-like; peduncles glandular; bracts funnel-shaped, margin sparsely shortly ciliate. Perianth pink or white, 4(or 5)-parted; tepals 2.5-3 mm, veins strongly forked, curved downward near apex. Stamens usually 6. Styles 2, connate at base. Achenes included in persistent perianth, black-brown, shiny, broadly ovoid, biconcave, 2-3 mm. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Jun-Oct. 2n = 22.
Roadsides, along ditches, field margins, watersides; sea level to 3900 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia (Siberia), Sikkim, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam; N Africa, Australia, Europe, North America].
 
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