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中甸独花报春Omphalogramma forrestii

时间:2013-10-30 18:44来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):中甸独花报春 学名( Scientific Name ): Omphalogramma forrestii Balf. f. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 报春花科(Primulaceae)独花
中文名(Chinese Name):中甸独花报春
学名(Scientific Name):Omphalogramma forrestii Balf. f.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):报春花科(Primulaceae)独花报春属
形态特征(Description):根状茎粗长,向下发出多数肉质长根。叶丛基部具覆瓦状包叠的鳞片,叶与花同时出现,开花期连柄长可达20厘米,花后仍可伸长增大,叶片矩圆状倒卵形至矩圆状椭圆形,长4-10厘米,宽2.5-5厘米,先端钝,基微呈楔形至圆形或浅心形,边缘微呈波状或具稀疏小齿,有腺毛状缘毛,上面无毛,下面沿中肋和侧脉被毛,侧脉5-6对,在下面明显;叶柄与叶片近等长至长于叶片近1倍,无毛或被稀疏腺毛,具膜质狭翅,基部呈鞘状。花萼高15-25厘米,果时高可达65厘米,近顶端密被柔毛;花萼长1-1.3厘米,外面密被短毛,裂片6,披针形,先端钝,具3脉和腺毛状缘毛;花冠漏斗状,暗紫色,长5-7厘米,外面和内面均微被腺毛,筒部淡黄色,长于花萼约3倍,自基部向上渐次增宽,冠檐直径约5厘米,裂片6,阔卵形或椭圆形以至近圆形,先端2裂,具不明显的小圆齿和稀疏缘毛;雄蕊6,着生于冠筒中上部,花丝长7-7.5毫米,无毛,花药长4.2-5毫米;子房和花柱均无毛,柱头高达冠筒口。蒴果长达2厘米,具明显的纵棱。花期6-7月。
分布(Distribution):产云南和四川,生长于海拔3500-4000米砾石草地和杜鹃灌丛中。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 187   
Omphalogramma forrestii I. B. Balfour, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh. 13: 23. 1920.
中甸独花报春 zhong dian du hua bao chun| Primulaceae  | Omphalogramma
Plants perennial, base with overlapping bud scales. Leaves developing at same time as flowers; petiole nearly as long as to 2 X as long as leaf blade, narrowly winged; leaf blade oblong-obovate to oblong-elliptic, 4--10 X 2.5--5 cm, enlarging after anthesis, glandular ciliate, abaxially pilose along midvein and lateral veins, adaxially glabrous, base subcuneate to rounded or cordulate, margin slightly repand to remotely denticulate, apex obtuse. Scapes 15--25 cm, elongating to 65 cm in fruit, densely pilose toward apex. Calyx 1--1.3 cm, densely pubescent outside; lobes lanceolate, glandular ciliate, apex obtuse; veins 3. Corolla dark purple, infundibuliform, 5--7 cm, sparsely glandular pubescent; tube ca. 4 X as long as calyx, gradually enlarged upward from base; limb ca. 5 cm wide; lobes broadly ovate to elliptic or even suborbicular, sparsely ciliate, margin obscurely crenulate, apex 2-lobed. Stamens inserted above middle of corolla tube; filaments 7--7.5 mm, glabrous; anthers 4.2--5 mm. Ovary and style glabrous. Capsule to 2 cm. Fl. Jun-Jul.
  • Gravelly meadows, Rhododendron thickets; 3500--4000 m. SW Sichuan, NW Yunnan.
 




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