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鹿药Maianthemum japonicum

时间:2013-10-17 16:49来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):鹿药 学名( Scientific Name ): Maianthemum japonicum (A. Gray) La Frankie 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Smilacina japonica A. Gray Smilacina hirta Maxim. S
中文名(Chinese Name):鹿药
学名(Scientific Name):Maianthemum japonicum (A. Gray) La Frankie
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Smilacina japonica A. Gray  Smilacina hirta Maxim.  Smilacina japonica var. mandshurica Maxim.  Smilacina rossii (Baker) Maxim.  Tovaria japonica (A. Gray) Baker  Tovaria rossii Baker  Smilacina trinervis Miyabe & Kudô  Vagnera japonica (A.Gray) Makino  Smilacina japonica var. lutecarpa Y.N.Lee  Smilacina japonica subsp. hirta (Maxim.) Vorosch.
科属(Family & Genus):百合科(Liliaceae)鹿药属
形态特征(Description):植株高30-60厘米;根状茎横走,多少圆柱状,粗6-10毫米,有时具膨大结节。茎中部以上或仅上部具粗伏毛,具4-9叶。叶纸质,卵状椭圆形、椭圆形或矩圆形,长6-13(-15)厘米,宽3-7厘米,先端近短渐尖,两面疏生粗毛或近无毛,具短柄。圆锥花序长3-6厘米,有毛,具10-20余朵花;花单生,白色;花梗长2-6毫米;花被片分离或仅基部稍合生,矩圆形或矩圆状倒卵形,长约3毫米;雄蕊长-2-2.5毫米,基部贴生于花被片上,花药小;花柱长0.5-1毫米,与子房近等长,柱头几不裂。浆果近球形,直径5-6毫米,熟时红色,具1-2颗种子。花期5-6月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产我国大部分省区,生海拔900-1950米林下荫湿处或岩缝中。日本、朝鲜和俄罗斯也有。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 24 Page 219
Maianthemum japonicum (A. Gray) LaFrankie, Taxon. 35: 588. 1986.
鹿药 lu yao| Liliaceae  | Maianthemum
Smilacina japonica A. Gray in Perry, Jap. Exped. 2: 321. 1856; S. hirta Maximowicz; S. japonica var. mandshurica Maximowicz; S. rossii (Baker) Maximowicz; Tovaria japonica (A. Gray) Baker; T. rossii Baker.
Plants 30--60 cm tall. Rhizome creeping, subterete or submoniliform, 7--10 mm thick. Stem strigose distally. Leaves 4--9, shortly petiolate; leaf blade ovate-elliptic, elliptic, or oblong, 6--15 × 3--7 cm, both surfaces laxly pubescent or glabrescent. Inflorescence paniculate, with 3--5 branches, 3--6 cm, 10--25-flowered; rachis pubescent. Flowers solitary; pedicel 2--6 mm, pubescent. Perianth white; segments free or slightly connate at base, oblong or oblong-obovate, ca. 3 × 1.5 mm. Filaments filiform, 2--2.5 mm; anthers small. Style 0.5--1 mm, subequaling ovary; stigma subentire. Berries red at maturity, 5--6 mm in diam., 1- or 2-seeded. Fl. May--Jun, fr. Aug--Sep. 2 n = 36*.
Forests, moist and shaded places, cliffs; 900--2000 m. Anhui, ?Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Russia].




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