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狭叶假糙苏Paraphlomis javanica var. angustifolia

时间:2018-07-01 09:18来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):假糙苏 学名( Scientific Name ): Paraphlomis javanica (Bl.) Prain 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Leonurus javanicus Blume Lamium longipetiolata Hayata Parap
中文名(Chinese Name):狭叶假糙苏
学名(Scientific Name):Paraphlomis javanica var. angustifolia
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Leonurus javanicus Blume  Lamium longipetiolata Hayata  Paraphlomis rugosa (Benth.) Prain  Phlomis rugosa Benth.  Phlomis javanica (Blume) Prain
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)假糙苏属
形态特征(Description):草本,从纤细须根上升。茎单生,通常高约50厘米,有时高达1.5米,钝四棱形,具槽,被倒向平伏毛,常曲折,向基部无叶,上部具叶。叶卵圆状披针形直至狭长披针形,具极不显著的细圆齿;叶柄纤弱,长达8厘米,扁平,上面略具槽,下面圆形,被平伏毛。轮伞花序多花,轮廓为圆球形,连花冠径约3厘米,其下承以少数小苞片;小苞片钻形,长约6毫米,不超过萼筒,被小硬毛;花梗无。花萼花时明显管状,口部骤然开张,果时膨大,革质,不连齿长约7毫米,幼时密被小硬毛,多少呈绿色,果时毛被近于脱落,常变红色,脉不明显,齿5,近相等,钻形或三角状钻形,长3-4毫米。花冠通常黄或淡黄,亦有近于白色的,长约1.7厘米,外面在冠筒上部及冠檐上均多少被有小硬毛,内面在冠筒的中部稍上方具柔毛毛环,冠檐二唇形,上唇长圆形,全缘,直伸,下唇3裂,中裂片较大。雄蕊4,前对较长,均上升至上唇片之下或略超出,花丝丝状,微被柔毛,花药椭圆形,二室,室略叉开。花柱丝状,略超出雄蕊,先端近相等2浅裂。子房紫黑色,顶端截平,中央稍凹陷,无毛。小坚果倒卵珠状三棱形,顶端钝圆,黑色,无毛。花期6-8月,果期8-12月。
分布(Distribution):产云南,四川,贵州,广西,广东,福建及湖南;生于亚热带常绿林或混交林林荫下,海拔500-1600米。越南北部也有。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 172
Paraphlomis javanica (Blume) Prain, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta). 9: 59. 1901.
假糙苏 jia cao su| Lamiaceae  | Paraphlomis
Herbs erect. Stem solitary, 0.5-1.5 m, retrorse strigose, flexuous, leafless toward base. Petiole slender, to 8 cm; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-ovate, 3-15(-30) × 1.5-8.5(-14) cm, adaxially ± minutely hispid, abaxially strigose, base rounded to subtruncate, margin inconspicuously serrate to crenate-serrate, apex acute to acuminate. Verticillasters many flowered, globose, ca. 3 cm in diam., surrounded by few bracteoles at base; bracteoles subulate, ca. 6 mm, shorter than calyx, hirtellous. Flowers sessile. Calyx tubular in flower, abruptly spreading at mouth, enlarged and red in fruit, leathery, densely hirtellous or minutely hispid, glabrescent, inconspicuously veined, tube ca. 7 mm; teeth subequal, needlelike to triangular, 2-4 mm. Corolla yellow or yellowish, less often whitish, ca. 1.7 cm, ± hirtellous on apical parts of tube and limb outside, pubescent annulate inside, upper lip oblong, entire. Nutlets black, triquetrous, obovoid, apex rounded, glabrous. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Aug-Dec.
Evergreen and mixed forests; 300-2400 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].








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