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吊石苣苔Lysionotus pauciflorus

时间:2013-09-11 13:08来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):吊石苣苔 学名( Scientific Name ): Lysionotus pauciflorus Maxim. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 石吊兰、白棒头 异名( Synonym ): Lysionotus hainanensis Merr. et Chun Lysionot
中文名(Chinese Name):吊石苣苔
学名(Scientific Name):Lysionotus pauciflorus Maxim.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):石吊兰、白棒头
异名(Synonym):Lysionotus hainanensis Merr. et Chun  Lysionotus carnosus Hemsl.  Lysionotus pauciflorus var. latifolius W. T. Wang  Lysionotus pauciflorus var. linearis Rehd.  Lysionotus pauciflorus var. lancifolius W. T. Wang  Lysionotus montanus Kao et Devol  Aeschynanthus apicidens Hance  Lysionotus apicidens (Hance) Yamazaki  Lysionotus cavaleriei H. Lév.  Lysionotus warleyensis E. Willm.
科属(Family & Genus):苦苣苔科(Gesneriaceae)吊石苣苔属
形态特征(Description):小灌木。茎长7-30厘米,分枝或不分枝,无毛或上部疏被短毛。叶3枚轮生,有时对生或斗枚轮生,具短柄或近无柄;叶片革质,形状变化大,线形、线状倒披针形、狭长圆形或倒卵状长圆形,少有为狭倒卵形或长椭圆形,长1.5-5.8厘米,宽0.4-1.5(-2)厘米,顶端急尖或钝,基部钝、宽楔形或近圆形,边缘在中部以上或上部有少数牙齿或小齿,有时近全缘,两面无毛,中脉上面下陷,侧脉每侧3-5条,不明显;叶柄长1-4(-9)毫米,上面常被短伏毛。花序有1-2(-5)花;花序梗纤细,长0.4-2.6(-4)厘米,无毛;苞片披针状线形,长1-2毫米,疏被短毛或近无毛;花梗长3-10毫米,无毛。花萼长3-4(-5)毫米,5裂达或近基部,无毛或疏被短伏毛;裂片狭三角形或线状三角形。花冠白色带淡紫色条纹或淡紫色,长3.5-4.8厘米,无毛;筒细漏斗状,长2.5-3.5厘米,口部直径1.2-1.5厘米;上唇长约4毫米,2浅裂,下唇长10毫米,3裂。雄蕊无毛,花丝着生于距花冠基部13-15毫米处,狭线形,长约12毫米,花药直径约1.2毫米,药隔背面突起长约0.8毫米;退化雄蕊3,无毛,中央的长约1毫米,侧生的狭线形,长约5毫米,弧状弯曲。花盘杯状,高2.5-4毫米,有尖齿。雌蕊长2-3.4厘米,无毛。蒴果线形,长5.5-9厘米,宽2-3毫米,无毛。种子纺锤形,长0.6-1毫米,毛长1.2-1.5毫米。花期7-10月。
分布(Distribution):产云南、广西、广东、福建、台湾、浙江、江苏、安徽、江西、湖南、湖北、贵州、四川、陕西。生于海拔300-2000米丘陵或山地林中或阴处石崖上或树上。越南及日本也有。
用途(Use):全草可供药用,治跌打损伤等症。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 18 Page 392
Lysionotus pauciflorus Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 19: 534. 1874.
吊石苣苔 diao shi ju tai | Gesneriaceae  | Lysionotus
Subshrubs. Stems 7-100 cm, glabrous to puberulent. Petiole 1-4(-15) mm; leaf blade linear to broadly elliptic, oblanceolate to obovate, or rarely lanceolate to ovate, 1.5-6(-9) X (0.4-)0.8-2(-3.8) cm, leathery, glabrous, rarely puberulent, base narrowly to broadly cuneate, rarely rounded, margin apically serrate to crenate, dentate, or subentire, basally subentire, apex acute to subtruncate; lateral veins 3-6 on each side of midrib, often obscure, flat. Cymes 1-3(-12)-flowered; peduncle 0.3-2.6(-5) cm, glabrous; bracts linear to ovate or oblanceolate, 1-4 X 0.4-1 mm. Pedicel 3-10(-17) mm. Calyx 5-sect from to near base; tube to 1 mm; segments (1-)2-7(-8) mm, glabrous, sometimes sparsely puberulent or with a few hairs at tip. Corolla white to light purple or pink, inside with purple lines and sometimes yellow throat, 2.8-5.5 cm, outside glabrous to puberulent basally, inside glabrous; tube slender funnelform, 2.1-3.5 X (0.7-)1.2-1.5 cm; adaxial lip 3-5 mm; abaxial lip (0.7-)0.9-1.5 cm. Stamens 1-1.7 cm; filaments 1-1.6 cm; anthers oblate to broadly ovoid; connective appendage hornlike, ca. 0.5-1(-3) mm; staminodes (2 or)3, 0.6-5(-8) mm. Disc ringlike to cupular, to 4 mm, entire or with few acute to obtuse teeth. Pistil 1.2-2.8 cm, glabrous. Capsule (1.7-)4.5-13 cm. Seed appendages hairlike, 0.7-2 mm. Fl. Jun-Dec, fr. Aug-Jan.
Forests, thickets, rocks, or cliffs, terrestrial, on trees or rocks in hilly or montane regions; 300-2200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, S Henan, Hubei, Hunan, S Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, N Vietnam].


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