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汉荭鱼腥草Geranium robertianum

时间:2013-09-11 12:02来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):汉荭鱼腥草 学名( Scientific Name ): Geranium robertianum L. 英文名( English Common Name ): Robert geranium 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 纤细老鹳草 异名( Synonym ): Geranium eriophorum H. Lveill Geraniu
中文名(Chinese Name):汉荭鱼腥草
学名(Scientific Name):Geranium robertianum L.
英文名(English Common Name):Robert geranium
别名(Chinese Common Name):纤细老鹳草
异名(Synonym):Geranium eriophorum H. Léveillé  Geranium mosquense Goldb.  Geranium briceanum Sweet  Robertium minutiflorum (Jord.) Fourr.  Geranium littorale (Rouy) A.W. Hill  Geranium lindleyanum Royle  Robertianum nostrum Goldb.  Robertium vulgare Picard  Geranium graveolens Stokes  Geranium palmatisectum Dulac  Robertiella robertianum (L.) Hanks in Underw. & Britton (eds.)  Geranium robertianum var. atropurpureum Hagenb.  Geranium robertianum var. albo Gaudin  Geranium robertianum subsp. maritimum [Bab.] H.G. Baker  Geranium robertianum var. crassicaule Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud  Geranium robertianum f. subglabrum Grognot  Geranium robertianum var. graniticarum Martrin-Donos  Geranium robertianum var. insigne Lojac.  Geranium robertianum var. forsteri Wilmott  Geranium robertianum var. album Weston  Geranium robertianum var. alpinum Gaudin  Geranium robertianum var. purpureum Schur  Geranium robertianum var. rubrum Lej.  Geranium purpureum var. eriosepalum Hausskn.  Geranium robertianum var. littorale Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud  Geranium robertianum var. eriophorum (H. Lév.) H. Lév.  Geranium robertianum var. inodorum (Pursh ex DC.) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn.  Geranium robertianum var. maritimum Bab.  Geranium robertianum var. leucanthon Dumort.  Geranium robertianum var. macropetalum Briq. ex R. Knuth in Engl.  Geranium robertianum var. leucanthum (Dumort. ex Rchb.) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn.  Geranium robertianum var. albiflorum Van Heurck & Wesm.  Geranium robertianum var. umbraticum (G.C. Westerl.) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn.  Geranium purpureum var. littorale (Rouy) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn.  Geranium robertianum f. euodoratum Borza  Geranium robertianum var. latisectum Schur  Geranium purpureum var. liosepalum (Hausskn.) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn.  Geranium robertianum var. mosquense (Goldb.) DC.  Geranium robertianum var. lucidum Weston  Geranium robertianum var. glabrinux Petrova & Kozhukharov in Jordanov  Geranium robertianum f. gracile Stäge ap. Gams in Hegi  Geranium robertianum f. inciso-rubrum Stäge ap. Gams in Hegi  Geranium robertianum var. rubricaule (Hornem.) Graebn. in Asch. & Graebn.  Geranium purpureum var. leiosepalum Hausskn.  Geranium robertianum f. leucantha Lange  Geranium robertianum f. umbraticum C.G. Westerl.  Geranium robertianum var. bernettii A.F. Schwarz ap. Gams in Hegi  Geranium purpureum subsp. forsteri (Wilmott) H.G. Baker  Geranium robertianum f. albiflorum (G. Don) House  Geranium robertianum var. celticum (Ostenf.) Wilmott  Geranium robertianum var. villosulum Murr  Geranium robertianum f. adenophorum R. Keller ap. Gams in Hegi  Geranium robertianum subsp. celticum Ostenf.  Geranium robertianum f. multicaule Hornem. in Rouy & Foucaud  Geranium robertianum f. dasycarpum Woronow in Kusn., N. Busch & Fomin  Geranium robertianum var. rubens Weston  Geranium robertianum var. terebinthinaceum Schur  Geranium robertianum var. tenuisectum Schur  Geranium robertianum var. intermedium Wilmott  Geranium robertianum var. laciniatum Beckh. ex F. Wilms & Beckh.  Geranium robertianum f. glabrum R. Knuth in Engl.  Geranium robertianum var. grandiflorum Strobl  Geranium purpureum var. intricatum Gren. ap. R. Knuth in Engl.  Geranium robertianum var. typicum Beck  Geranium robertianum subsp. eurobertianum Briq.  Geranium robertianum var. trilobatum H. Takeda  Geranium robertianum f. macropetalum (Briq. ex R. Knuth) Gams in Hegi  Geranium robertianum f. albidum Wiesb. ap. Murr  Geranium pedunculatum Royle  Geranium robertianum var. incisum A.St.-Hil.  Geranium scopulicolum Jord. ex Nyman
科属Family & Genus):牻牛儿苗科(Geraniaceae)老鹳草属
形态特征(Description):一年生草本,高20-50厘米。根纤细,数条成纤维状。茎直立或基部仰卧,具棱槽,假二叉状分枝,被绢状毛和腺毛。叶基生和茎上对生;托叶卵状三角形,长2-4毫米,先端钝,外被疏柔毛;基生叶和茎下部叶具长柄,柄长为叶片2至3倍,被疏柔毛和腺毛;叶片五角状,长2-5厘米,宽3-7厘米,通常二至三回三出羽状,第一回裂片卵状,明显具柄,二回裂片具短柄或柄不明显,三回为羽状深裂,其下部小裂片具数齿,上部小裂片全缘或缺刻状,先端急尖,两面被疏柔毛。花序腋生和顶生,长于叶,总花梗被短柔毛和腺毛,每梗具2花;苞片钻状披针形,长1-2毫米;花梗与总花梗相似,直生,等于或稍长于花;萼片长卵形,长5-7毫米,先端具长约1-1.5毫米尖头,外被疏柔毛和腺毛;花瓣粉红或紫红色,倒卵形,稍长于萼或为其1.5倍,先端圆形,基部楔形;雄蕊与萼片近等长,花药黄色,花丝白色,下部扩展;雌蕊与雄蕊近等长,被短糙毛,花柱分枝暗紫红色。蒴果长约2厘米,被短柔毛。花期4-6月,果期5-8月。
分布(Distribution):分布于我国西南、华中、华东、台湾等。生于山地林下、岩壁、沟坡和路旁等。欧洲、地中海、中亚、俄罗斯、朝鲜和日本也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 11 Page 8, 10
Geranium robertianum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 681. 1753.
汉荭鱼腥草 han hong yu xing cao| Geraniaceae  | Geranium
Geranium eriophorum H. Léveillé.
Biennials or sometimes annuals. Stem 10-55 cm tall, erect, not rooting at nodes, with 0.4-1 mm ± patent glandular trichomes. Stipules ovate, distinct. Leaves opposite; petiole with 0.3-0.5 mm retrorse not appressed nonglandular trichomes and 0.4-2.4 mm patent glandular trichomes; leaf blade 3-9 cm, palmately divided, pilose with ± appressed glandular trichomes; segments 5, rhombic, with a petiolule on middle segment 0.2-0.4 × as long as its segment, 16-46-lobed in distal half, ratio of second sinus/middle segment length = 0.26-0.5. Cymules solitary, 2-flowered; peduncle 1-6 cm. Pedicel 0.5-2 cm, with 0.4-1.5 mm patent glandular trichomes and 0.3-0.5 mm retrorse not appressed nonglandular trichomes; bracteoles lanceolate. Sepals 6-8 mm, mucro 1.8-2.5 mm, ratio of mucro/sepal length = ca. 0.3, outside with 0.3-0.5 mm ± patent nonglandular trichomes and 0.4-3.2 mm patent glandular trichomes, inside glabrous. Petals purplish, 7.5-9.7(-10.4) mm, erect to patent, glabrous, apex rounded. Staminal filaments pinkish, lanceolate with an abruptly narrowed apex, glabrous; anthers purplish, 0.4-0.6 mm. Nectaries 5, hemispheric, glabrous. Stigma pinkish. Fruit 1.9-2.3 cm, erect when immature; mericarps reticulate, ridges sparse and scarcely anastomosing in basal half but denser apically and forming 1 or 2(or 3) overlapping collar-like keels at apex, without a basal callus, glabrous or sometimes with ca. 0.2 mm nonglandular trichomes, small glands, or both; rostrum 1.7-1.9 cm, with a 4-5 mm narrowed apex; stigmatic remains 1-1.3 mm. Seeds 2.1-2.2 mm. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. May-Aug. 2n = 64.
Forests; 900-3300 m. Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; Africa, W Asia, Europe].
Petals of Chinese specimens of Geranium robertianum are unusually short. In other areas, petals vary from 0.9 to 1.4 cm. Geranium purpureum Villars, which is not recorded from China, is quite similar to G. robertianum and has short petals. However, it can be separated by its yellow anthers and by its mericarps closely ribbed. Geranium purpureum is widespread in N Africa, Europe, and W Asia as far as Iran.


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