织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 野生花卉 >

费菜Phedimus aizoon

时间:2013-09-05 14:12来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):费菜 学名( Scientific Name ): Phedimus aizoon (L.) t Hart 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 景天三七 异名( Synonym ): Sedum Sect. Aizoon Koch Sedum aizoon Linn. Aizopsis aizoo
中文名(Chinese Name):费菜
学名(Scientific Name):Phedimus aizoon (L.) 't Hart
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):景天三七
异名(Synonym):Sedum Sect. Aizoon Koch  Sedum aizoon Linn.  Aizopsis aizoon (L.) Grulich  Sedum yantaiense Debeaux  Sedum selskianum var. glabrifolium Kitag.  Sedum aizoon var. floribundum Nakai  Sedum selskianum var. glaberrimum Kitag.  Sedum aizoon var. glabrifolium (Kitag.) Kitag.  Sedum pseudoaizoon Debeaux  Sedum hyperaizoon Kom.  Phedimus aizoon var. aizoon
科属Family & Genus):景天科(Crassulaceae)费菜属
形态特征Description):多年生草本。根状茎短,粗茎高20-50厘米,有1-3条茎,直立,无毛,不分枝。叶互生,狭披针形、椭圆状披针形至卵状倒披针形,长3.5-8厘米,宽1.2-2厘米,先端渐尖,基部楔形,边缘有不整齐的锯齿;叶坚实,近革质。聚伞花序有多花,水平分枝,平展,下托以苞叶。萼片5,线形,肉质,不等长,长3-5毫米,先端钝;花瓣5,黄色,长圆形至椭圆状披针形,长6-10毫米,有短尖;雄蕊10,较花瓣短;鳞片5,近正方形,长0.3毫米,心皮5,卵状长圆形,基部合生,腹面凸出,花柱长钻形。蓇葖星芒状排列,长7毫米;种子椭圆形,长约1毫米。花期6-7月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、华北、西北、华中、华东部分省区,俄罗斯、蒙古、日本及朝鲜也有。
用途(Use):根或全草药用,有止血散瘀,安神镇痛之效。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 8 Page 219
Phedimus aizoon (Linnaeus) 't Hart in 't Hart & Eggli, Evol. & Syst. Crassulac. 168. 1995.
费菜 fei cai | Crassulaceae  | Phedimus
Herbs perennial. Roots tuberous, carrot-shaped to narrowly conical. Rootstock short, robust. Stems 1-3, simple, erect, 20-50 cm. Leaves alternate; leaf blade narrowly lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate, elliptic, ovate-oblanceolate, ovate, broadly ovate, or orbicular, 3.5-8 × 0.5-3 cm, base cuneate, margin irregularly serrate, apex obtuse-rounded or acuminate. Inflorescence horizontally branched, many flowered; bracts leaflike. Flowers unequally 5-merous. Sepals linear, unequal, 3-5 mm, apex obtuse. Petals yellow, oblong to elliptic-lanceolate, 6-10 mm, apex mucronate. Stamens 10, shorter than petals. Nectar scales subquadrangular, ca. 0.3 mm. Carpels ovoid-oblong, adaxially convex, base connate. Styles narrowly subulate. Follicles stellate, ca. 7 mm. Seeds ellipsoid, ca. 1 mm. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Aug-Sep.
Scrub, ravine edges in valleys, grasslands on rocky slopes, sandy, sunny, and grassy places on mountains, shady places on slopes, field banks, rock crevices; 1000-3100 m. Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang [Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Russia].





(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(2)
66.7%
踩一下
(1)
33.3%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容