织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 野生花卉 >

篱栏网Merremia hederacea

时间:2013-09-05 11:05来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):篱栏网 学名( Scientific Name ): Merremia hederacea (Burm. f.) Hall. f. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 鱼黄草、茉栾藤 异名( Synonym ): Convolvulus lapathifolius Spreng. Conv
中文名(Chinese Name):篱栏网
学名(Scientific Name):Merremia hederacea (Burm. f.) Hall. f.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):鱼黄草、茉栾藤
异名(Synonym):Convolvulus lapathifolius Spreng.  Convolvulus flavus Willd.  Convolvulus chryseides (Ker Gawl.) Spreng.  Convolvulus dentatus Vahl  Convolvulus acetosellifolius Desr.  Evolvulus hederaceus Burm. f.  Ipomoea subtriflora Zoll. et Moritzi  Lepistemon muricatum Span.  Ipomoea dentata (Vahl) Roem. et Schult.  Ipomoea chryseides Ker Gawl.  Lepistemon glaber Hand.-Mazz.  Merremia chryseides (Ker Gawl.) Hallier f.  Merremia convolvulacea Dennst. ex Hallier f.  Ipomoea acetosellifolia (Desr.) Choisy
科属Family & Genus):旋花科(Convolvulaceae)鱼黄草属
形态特征(Description):缠绕或匍匐草本,匍匐时下部茎上生须根。茎细长,有细棱,无毛或疏生长硬毛,有时仅于节上有毛,有时散生小疣状突起。叶心状卵形,长1.5-7.5厘米,宽1-5厘米,顶端钝,渐尖或长渐尖,具小短尖头,基部心形或深凹,全缘或通常具不规则的粗齿或锐裂齿,有时为深或浅3裂,两面近于无毛或疏生微柔毛;叶柄细长,长1-5厘米,无毛或被短柔毛,具小疣状突起。聚伞花序腋生,有3-5朵花,有时更多或偶为单生,花序梗比叶柄粗,长0.8-5厘米,第一次分枝为二歧聚伞式,以后为单歧式;花梗长2-5毫米,连同花序梗均具小疣状突起;小苞片早落;萼片宽倒卵状匙形,或近于长方形,外方2片长3.5毫米,内方3片长5毫米,无毛,顶端截形,明显具外倾的凸尖;花冠黄色,钟状,长0.8厘米,外面无毛,内面近基部具长柔毛;雄蕊与花冠近等长,花丝下部扩大,疏生长柔毛;子房球形,花柱与花冠近等长,柱头球形。蒴果扁球形或宽圆锥形,4瓣裂,果瓣有绉纹,内含种子4粒,三棱状球形,长3.5毫米,表面被锈色短柔毛,种脐处毛簇生。
分布(Distribution):产台湾、广东、海南、广西、江西及云南,生于海拔130-760米的灌丛或路旁草丛。本种广布。
用途(Use):全草及种子有消炎的作用。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 293
Merremia hederacea (N. L. Burman) H. Hallier, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 18: 118. 1894.
篱栏网 li lan wang | Convolvulaceae  | Merremia
Evolvulus hederaceus N. L. Burman, Fl. Indica 77. t. 30, f. 2. 1768; Convolvulus acetosellifolius Desrousseaux; C. chryseides (Ker Gawler) Sprengel; C. dentatus Vahl; C. flavus Willdenow; C. lapathifolius Sprengel; Ipomoea acetosellifolia (Desrousseaux) Choisy; I. chryseides Ker Gawler; I. dentata (Vahl) Roemer & Schultes; I. subtriflora Zollinger & Moritzi; Lepistemon glaber Handel-Mazzetti; L. muricatum Spanoghe; Merremia chryseides (Ker Gawler) H. Hallier; M. convolvulacea Dennstedt ex H. Hallier.
Herbs, twining or prostrate; axial parts often minutely tuberculate. Stems glabrous or sparsely hirsute, rooting at nodes. Petiole 0.5-5 cm, glabrous or pubescent; leaf blade cordate-ovate, 1.5-7.5 X 1-5 cm, subglabrous to sparsely puberulent, base cordate or broadly cordate, margin entire, irregularly crenate, or 3-lobed. Inflorescences (1-) or few to many flowered, umbelliform, cymose in fruit; peduncle (0.3-)0.8-5 cm, thicker than petiole; bracts early deciduous, narrowly obovate. Pedicel 2-5 mm. Sepals broadly obovate to spatulate or oblong, reflexed in fruit, unequal; outer 2 sepals 3.5-4 mm; inner 3 ca. 5 mm, glabrous, apex emarginate and distinctly mucronate, mucro directed outward. Corolla yellow, campanulate, 6-10 mm, outside glabrous, inside villous basally. Stamens ca. as long as corolla; filaments sparsely villous basally. Ovary globose, glabrous; stigma globose. Capsule depressed globose or broadly conical, 5-6 mm, reticulate (but not coarsely) wrinkled. Seeds trigonous-globose, 2.5-3.5 mm, puberulent to glabrous or woolly along angles and at hilum. 2n = 30*.
Scrub, grassy roadsides in tropical areas; 100-800 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan [?Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan (Ogasawara and Ryukyu Islands), Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, N Australia, Pacific Islands]
Used medicinally for treating acute tonsillitis.










(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(2)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容