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铃铃香青Anaphalis hancockii

时间:2013-07-23 14:06来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):铃铃香青 学名( Scientific Name ): Anaphalis hancockii Maxim. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 铃铃香 异名( Synonym ): Anaphalis bodinieri Franch. Gnaphalium bodinieri (Franch




中文名(Chinese Name):铃铃香青
学名(Scientific Name):Anaphalis hancockii Maxim.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):铃铃香
异名(Synonym):Anaphalis bodinieri Franch.  Gnaphalium bodinieri (Franch.) Franch.
科属(Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)香青属
形态特征(Description):根状茎细长,稍木质,匍枝有膜质鳞片状叶和顶生的莲座状叶丛。茎从膝曲的基部直立,高5-35厘米,稍细,被蛛丝状毛及具柄头状腺毛,上部被蛛丝状密棉毛,常有稍疏的叶。莲座状叶与茎下部叶匙状或线状长圆形长2-10厘米,宽0.5-1.5厘米,基部渐狭成具翅的柄或无柄,顶端圆形或急尖;中部及上部叶直立,常贴附于茎上,线形,或线状披针形,稀线状长圆形而多少开展,边缘平,顶端有膜质枯焦状长尖头;全部叶薄质,两面被蛛丝状毛及头状具柄腺毛,边缘被灰白色蛛丝状长毛,有明显的离基三出脉或另有2不显明的侧脉。头状花序9-15个,在茎端密集成复伞房状;花序梗长1-3毫米。总苞宽钟状,长8-9稀11毫米,宽8-10毫米;总苞片4-5层,稍开展;外层卵圆形,长5-6毫米,红褐色或黑褐色;内层长圆披针形,长8-10毫米,宽3-4毫米,顶端尖,上部白色;最内层线形,有长约全长二至三分之一的爪部。花序托有繸状毛。雌株头状花序有多层雌花,中央有1-6个雄花;雄株头状花序全部有雄花。花冠长4.5-5毫米。冠毛较花冠稍长,雄花冠毛上部较粗扁,有锯齿。瘦果长圆形,长约1.5毫米,被密乳头状突起。花期6-8月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产青海、甘肃、陕西、山西、河北、四川及西藏,生于海拔2000-3700米的亚高山山顶及山坡草地。
用途(Use):全株含芳香油。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 792, 813
Anaphalis hancockii Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 27: 479. 1882.
铃铃香青 ling ling xiang qing | Asteraceae  | Anaphalis
Anaphalis bodinieri Franchet; Gnaphalium bodinieri (Franchet) Franchet.
Rhizome slender, somewhat woody, runners membranous squamate leafy, with terminal rosette leaves. Stems erect from geniculate base, 5-35 cm, slender, arachnoid tomentose and capitate cauliferous glandular pilose, upper part arachnoid tomentose, often sparsely leafy. Rosette and lower leaves spatulate or linear-oblong, 2-10 × 0.5-1.5 cm, base attenuate into a petiole, or sessile, apex rounded or acute; middle and upper leaves erect or adherent to stem, linear or linear-lanceolate, rarely linear-oblong, somewhat expanding, margin flat, membranous, apex with withered long cusp; all leaves thin, both surfaces with capitate glandular hairs, canescent arachnoid tomentose on margin, distinctly 3-veined or additionally with 2 indistinct lateral veins. Capitula 9-15, densely compound corymbiform; peduncle 1-3 mm. Involucre broadly campanulate, 8-9(-11) × 8-10 mm; phyllaries 4- or 5-seriate, somewhat expanding; outer phyllaries rufous or puce, oval, 5-6 mm; middle ones white, oblong-lanceolate, 8-10 × 3-4 mm, acute at apex; innermost ones linear, with a claw ca. 1/3 of full length. Receptacle with fimbrillate short hairs. Capitula with numerous female florets, center of predominantly female capitula with 1-6 male florets; predominantly male capitula with male florets only. Corolla tube 4-4.5 mm. Pappus exceeding corolla, incrassate at tip of apex in male florets, serrulate. Achenes oblong, ca. 1.5 mm, densely papillose. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Aug-Sep.
● Subalpine peaks and grassy slopes; 2000-3700 m. SW and W Gansu, N and W Hebei, E Qinghai (Datong, Haiyuan), S Shaanxi (Taibai Shan), N and W Shanxi, NW and W Sichuan (Gede, Xiaojin), E Xizang (Lulang).
This taxon is extremely variable.
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