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紫茎泽兰Ageratina adenophora

时间:2013-07-23 14:01来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):紫茎泽兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) King H. Rob. 英文名( English Common Name ): sticky snakeroot 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 大黑草、破坏草 异名( Synonym ): Conoclinium co




中文名(Chinese Name):紫茎泽兰
学名(Scientific Name):Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) King & H. Rob.
英文名(English Common Name):sticky snakeroot
别名(Chinese Common Name):大黑草、破坏草
异名(Synonym):Conoclinium coelestinum (Linn.) DC.  Ageratina trapezoidea (Kunth) R.M.King & H.Rob.  Eupatorium pasadenense Parish  Eupatorium trapezoideum Kunth  Ageratina trapezoides (Kunth) R.M. King & H. Rob.  Eupatorium adenophora Spreng.  Eupatorium adenophorum var. peruvianum Hieron. 
科属(Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)假藿香蓟属
形态特征(Description):
分布(Distribution):原产墨西哥,在我国已成为入侵植物。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 880
Ageratina adenophora (Sprengel) R. M. King & H. Robinson, Phytologia. 19: 211. 1970.
破坏草 po huai cao | Asteraceae  | Ageratina
Eupatorium adenophorum Sprengel, Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 3: 420. 1826, based on E. glandulosum Kunth in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 4, ed. f°: 96. 1818, not Michaux (1803).
Shrubs or perennial herbs, 30-90(-200) cm tall. Stems erect; branches opposite, obliquely ascending, white or ferruginous puberulent, upper part and peduncles more densely so, glabrescent or glabrous in lower part by anthesis. Leaves opposite, long petiolate; blade abaxially pale, adaxially green, ovate, triangular-ovate, or rhombic-ovate, 3.5-7.5 × 1.5-3 cm, thin, both surfaces sparsely puberulent, more densely so abaxially and on veins, basally 3-veined, base truncate or slightly cordate, margin coarsely crenate, apex acute. Synflorescences terminal, corymbose or compound-corymbose, to 12 cm in diam. Capitula numerous, 2-4 cm, 40-50-flowered; involucre broadly campanulate, ca. 3 × 4 mm; phyllaries 2-seriate, linear or linear-lanceolate, 3.5-5 mm, apex acute or acuminate; receptacle convex to conical; corollas purplish, tubular, ca. 3.5 mm. Achenes black-brown, narrowly elliptic, 1-1.5 mm, 5-angled, without hairs and glands; pappus setae 10, basally connate, white, fine, equal to corolla. Fl. and fr. Apr-Oct. 2n = 51.
Wet places or roadsides on slopes, forest margins; 900-2200 m. Introduced and naturalized in Guangxi, Guizhou, Nanhai Zhudao, and Yunnan [native to Mexico; pantropical and pansubtropical invasive weed in Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; S Africa, America, Atlantic islands (Canary Islands), Australia, Pacific islands].
Ageratina adenophora was introduced into China in the middle of the 19th century. It is poisonous; oxen and horses have become ill and have sometimes died from consuming it. (责任编辑:徐晔春)
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