织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 野生花卉 >

长白忍冬Lonicera ruprechtiana

时间:2018-07-01 09:49来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 长白忍冬 学名( Scientific Name ): Lonicera ruprechtiana Regel 英文名( English Common Name ): Manchurian honeysuckle 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 王八骨头 异名( Synonym ): Caprifolium ruprechtianum Kun








中文名(Chinese Name):长白忍冬
学名(Scientific Name):Lonicera ruprechtiana Regel
英文名(English Common Name):Manchurian honeysuckle
别名(Chinese Common Name):王八骨头
异名(Synonym):Caprifolium ruprechtianum Kuntze;Lonicera chrysantha var. subtomentosa (Rupr.) Maxim.;Xylosteum chrysanthum var. subtomentosum Rupr.;Lonicera muscaviensis Rehd.;Lonicera ghiesbreghtiana Rehder
科属(Family & Genus):忍冬科(Caprifoliaceae)忍冬属
形态特征(Description):落叶灌木,高达3米;幼枝和叶柄被绒状短柔毛,枝疏被短柔毛或无毛;凡小枝、叶柄、叶两面、总花梗和苞片均疏生黄褐色微腺毛。冬芽约有6对鳞片。叶纸质,矩圆状倒卵形、卵状矩圆形至矩圆状披针形,长 (3-) 4-6 (-10) 厘米,顶渐尖或急渐尖,基部圆至楔形或近截形,有时两侧不等,边缘略波状起伏或有时具不规则浅波状大牙齿,有缘毛,上面初时疏生微毛或近无毛,下面密被短柔毛;叶柄长3-8毫米;总花梗长6-12毫米,疏被微柔毛;苞片条形,长5-6毫米,长超过萼齿,被微柔毛;小苞片分离,圆卵形至卵状披针形,长为萼筒的1/4-1/3,无毛或具腺缘毛;相邻两萼筒分离,长2毫米左右,萼齿卵状三角形至三角状披针形,干膜质,长1毫米左右;花冠白色,后变黄色,外面无毛,筒粗短,长4-5毫米,内密生短柔毛,基部有1深囊,唇瓣长8-11毫米,上唇两侧裂深达1/2-2/3处,下唇长约1厘米,反曲;雄蕊短于花冠,花药长约3毫米,花丝着生于药隔的近基部,基部有短柔毛;花柱略短于雄蕊,全被短柔毛,柱头粗大。果实桔红色,圆形,直径5-7毫米;种子椭圆形,棕色,长3毫米左右,有细凹点。花期5-6月,果熟期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产东北三省,生于海拔300-1100米的阔叶林下或林缘。朝鲜及俄罗斯也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 621, 634
Lonicera ruprechtiana Regel, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. Suppl. 19. 1869.
长白忍冬 chang bai ren dong| Caprifoliaceae  | Lonicera
Caprifolium ruprechtianum (Regel) Kuntze; Lonicera brevisepala P. S. Hsu & H. J. Wang; L. chrysantha Turczaninow ex Ledebour var. subtomentosa (Ruprecht) Maximowicz; L. ruprechtiana var. lanceolata Skvortsov; L. ruprechtiana var. xanthocarpa Zabel; Xylosteon gibbiflorum Ruprecht & Maximowicz var. subtomentosum Ruprecht.
Shrubs, deciduous, to 3 m tall. Winter buds with several pairs of ovate and acute scales; inner scales often accrescent. Branches with pith becoming brown and later hollow. Branches and petioles tomentose-pubescent to sparsely pubescent, minutely yellow-brown glandular hairy, or subglabrous; petiole 3-8 mm; leaf blade ovate-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 2-8 × 0.7-2.5 cm, abaxially densely strigose to villous or sparsely pubescent, adaxially sparsely pubescent or subglabrous, base rounded to cuneate, margin sometimes dentate, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences axillary paired flowers; peduncle 10-16 mm, sparsely pubescent to tomentose and minutely glandular hairy; bracts linear, 1-8 mm, pubescent and glandular ciliate; bracteoles free in 2 pairs, orbicular-ovate to ovate-lanceolate, to 1 mm. Neighboring 2 ovaries free. Calyx lobes triangular-lanceolate, ca. 1 mm. Corolla bilabiate, white, later yellow, 12-16 mm, outside glabrous; tube short, 4-5 mm, inside densely pubescent, deeply gibbous toward base; upper lip 4-lobed; 2 lateral lobes of upper lip usually lobed 1/2-3/4 and slightly spreading, middle lobes shallowly lobed; lower lip recurved. Stamens and style exserted from corolla tube; style pubescent throughout; stigmas capitate, large. Berries yellow, orange-red, or red, globose, 5-7 mm in diam.; seeds brown, ellipsoid, ca. 3 mm, with minute concave dots. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Aug. 2n = 18.
Broad-leaved forests, forest margins; 300-1100 m. Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning [N Korea, Russia].
Lonicera ruprechtiana var. calvescens Rehder (Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 1912: 194. 1913) was described from a cultivated specimen at the Arnold Arboretum, grown from seed collected near Vladivostock.
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(1)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容