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浙赣车前紫草Sinojohnstonia chekiangensis

时间:2013-07-18 08:01来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):浙赣车前紫草 学名( Scientific Name ): Sinojohnstonia chekiangensis (Migo) W. T. Wang ex Z. Y. Zhang 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 浙江车前紫草 异名( Synonym ): Omphalodes






中文名(Chinese Name):浙赣车前紫草
学名(Scientific Name):Sinojohnstonia chekiangensis (Migo) W. T. Wang ex Z. Y. Zhang
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):浙江车前紫草
异名(Synonym):Omphalodes chekiangensis Migo
科属(Family & Genus):紫草科(Boraginaceae)车前紫草属
形态特征(Description):根状茎多条,细长,长达15厘米。茎数条,细弱,长10-35厘米,平卧或斜升。基生叶数个,叶片长卵形,先端渐尖,基部心形,两面都密生短糙毛,叶柄长达12厘米,茎生叶较小。花序含多数花,无苞片,密生短伏毛;花萼长约6毫米,5裂至基部,裂片线状披针形,背面有密短伏毛,腹面稍有毛;花冠漏斗状,白色或稍带淡红色,长约1厘米、无毛,筒部比萼长,檐部比筒部短2倍,裂片卵形,喉部附属物高约1毫米;雄蕊5,着生花冠筒上部,稍外伸,花丝长约3毫米,花药长圆形,长约0.9毫米,钝;子房4裂,花柱长约6毫米,柱头很小,头状。小坚果4,长3-5毫米,碗状突起的边缘内折。花果期4-5月。
分布(Distribution):产浙江、江西、湖南、山西及陕西,生于林下或阴湿的岩石边。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 374
Sinojohnstonia chekiangensis (Migo) W. T. Wang, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin. 4(2): 3. 1984.
浙赣车前紫草 zhe gan che qian zi cao | Boraginaceae  | Sinojohnstonia
Omphalodes chekiangensis Migo, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 56: 265. 1942.
Plants with several rhizomes, to 15 cm. Stems several, prostrate to spreading, 10-35 cm tall. Basal leaves several; petiole to 12 cm; leaf blade ovate, 7-12 × 3-6 cm, densely short strigose, base cordate, apex acuminate; stem leaves smaller. Inflorescences densely short strigose, many flowered, ebracteate. Calyx ca. 6 mm, 5-parted to base; lobes linear-lanceolate, densely strigose abaxially. Corolla white or light reddish, campanulate, ca. 1 cm, glabrous; tube shorter than calyx; throat appendages ca. 1 mm; limb ca. 1/2 as long as tube; lobes ovate. Stamens inserted on upper part of corolla tube, slightly exserted; filaments ca. 3 mm; anthers oblong, ca. 0.9 mm, apex obtuse. Style ca. 6 mm, exserted. Nutlets 3-5 mm; margin of cupular emergence inflexed. Fl. and fr. Apr-May. 2n = 24*.
* Forests, shaded moist rocky areas; ca. 900 m. Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Zhejiang. (责任编辑:徐晔春)
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