织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 野生花卉 >

梓木草Lithospermum zollingeri

时间:2013-07-18 07:58来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):梓木草 学名( Scientific Name ): Lithospermum zollingeri DC. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 地仙桃 异名( Synonym ): Buglossoides zollingeri (A. DC.) I. M. Johnst. 科属( Fam





中文名(Chinese Name):梓木草
学名(Scientific Name):Lithospermum zollingeri DC.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):地仙桃
异名(Synonym):Buglossoides zollingeri (A. DC.) I. M. Johnst.
科属(Family & Genus):紫草科(Boraginaceae)紫草属
形态特征(Description):多年生匍匐草本。根褐色,稍含紫色物质。匍匐茎长可达30厘米,有开展的糙伏毛;茎直立,高5-25厘米。基生叶有短柄,叶片倒披针形或匙形,长3-6厘米,宽8-18毫米,两面都有短糙伏毛但下面毛较密;茎生叶与基生叶同形而较小,先端急尖或钝,基部渐狭,近无柄。花序长2-5厘米,有花1至数朵,苞片叶状;花有短花梗;花萼长约6.5毫米,裂片线状披针形,两面都有毛;花冠蓝色或蓝紫色,长1.5-1.8厘米,外面稍有毛,筒部与檐部无明显界限,檐部直径约1厘米,裂片宽倒卵形,近等大,长5-6毫米,全缘,无脉,喉部有5条向筒部延伸的纵褶,纵褶长约4毫米,稍肥厚并有乳头;雄蕊着生纵褶之下,花药长1.5-2毫米;花柱长约4毫米,柱头头状。小坚果斜卵球形,长3-3.5毫米,乳白色而稍带淡黄褐色,平滑,有光泽,腹面中线凹陷呈纵沟。花果期5-8月。
分布(Distribution):产台湾、浙江、江苏、安徽、贵州、四川、陕西至甘肃,生丘陵或低山草坡或灌丛下,朝鲜及日本也有。
用途(Use):果实供药用。消肿、止痛,治疔疮、支气管炎、消化不良等症。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 344
Lithospermum zollingeri A. de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 587. 1846.
梓木草 zi mu chao| Boraginaceae  | Lithospermum
Buglossoides zollingeri (A. de Candolle) I. M. Johnston.
Herbs perennial. Rhizomes creeping, to 30 cm. Roots brown, containing purple dye. Stems erect, 5-25 cm tall. Basal leaves sparsely arranged, short petiolate, oblanceolate to spatulate, 3-6 × 0.8-1.8 cm, short strigose, abaxially more densely strigose; stem leaves subsessile, same shape as basal leaves but smaller, base attenuate, apex acute or obtuse. Inflorescences terminal, 2-5 cm, 1- to several flowered; bracts leaflike. Pedicel short. Calyx ca. 6.5 mm; lobes linear-lanceolate, pubescent on both sides. Corolla blue or bluish purple, 1.5-1.8 cm, sparsely pubescent outside; tube and limb without a conspicuous border; throat with 5 longitudinal pleats extending to tube, ca. 4 mm, pleats slightly thickened and papillate; limb ca. 1 cm wide; lobes subequal, broadly obovate, 5-6 mm, margin entire, without veins. Stamens attached below pleats; anthers 1.5-2 mm. Style ca. 4 mm; stigma capitate. Nutlets white or light yellowish brown, oblique ovoid, 3-3.5 mm, smooth, shiny, concave adaxially, with center line forming a longitudinal groove. Fl. and fr. May-Aug. Hills, mountain slopes, thickets. Anhui, SE Gansu, Guizhou, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea]
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(2)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容