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金钱蒲Acorus gramineus

时间:2013-07-16 10:56来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):金钱蒲 学名( Scientific Name ): Acorus gramineus Sol. ex Aiton 英文名( English Common Name ): grassleaf sweet flag 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 菖蒲、随手香 异名( Synonym ): Acorus tatarinowii Schott;




中文名(Chinese Name):金钱蒲
学名(Scientific Name):Acorus gramineus Sol. ex Aiton
英文名(English Common Name):grassleaf sweet flag
别名(Chinese Common Name):菖蒲、随手香
异名(Synonym):Acorus tatarinowii Schott;Acorus gramineus var. crassispadix Lingelsh.;Acorus pusillus Siebold;Acorus gramineus var. pusillus (Siebold) Engl.;Acorus macrospadiceus (Yamam.) F.N.Wei & Y.K.Li;Acorus xiangyeus Z.Y.Zhu;Acorus humilis Salisb.;Acorus gramineus var. macrospadiceus Yamam.;Acorus gramineus var. japonica M.Hotta;Acorus brevispathus K.M. Liu;Acorus gramineus var. flavomarginatus K.M. Liu;Acorus tatarinowii var. flavomarginatus K.M. Liu 
科属(Family & Genus):天南星科(Araceae)菖蒲属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,高20-30厘米。根茎较短,长5-10厘米,横走或斜伸,芳香,外皮淡黄色,节间长1-5毫米;根肉质,多数,长可达15厘米;须根密集。根茎上部多分枝,呈丛生状。叶基对折,两侧膜质叶鞘棕色,下部宽2-3毫米,上延至叶片中部以下,渐狭,脱落。叶片质地较厚,线形,绿色,长20-30厘米,极狭,宽不足6毫米,先端长渐尖,无中肋,平行脉多数。花序柄长2.5-9(-15)厘米。叶状佛焰苞短,长3-9(-14)厘米,为肉穗花序长的1-2倍,稀比肉穗花序短,狭,宽1-2毫米。肉穗花序黄绿色,圆柱形,长3-9.5厘米,粗3-5毫米,果序粗达1厘米,果黄绿色。花期5-6月,果7-8月成熟。
分布(Distribution):产我国中南部,生于海拔1800米以下的水旁湿地或石上。
用途(Use):根茎入药。芳香,手触摸之后香气长时不散,因谓“随手香”。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 23 Page 1, 2  
Acorus gramineus Solander ex Aiton, Hortus Kew. 1: 474. 1789.
金钱蒲 jin qian pu | Acoraceae  | Acorus
Acorus brevispathus K. M. Liu; A. gramineus var. flavomarginatus K. M. Liu; A. gramineus var. japonicus M. Hotta; A. gramineus var. macrospadiceus Yamamoto; A. gramineus var. pusillus (Siebold) Engler; A. humilis Salisbury; A. latifolius Z. Y. Zhu; A. macrospadiceus (Yamamoto) F. N. Wei & Y. K. Li; A. pusillus Siebold; A. rumphianus S. Y. Hu; A. tatarinowii Schott; A. tatarinowii var. flavomarginatus K. M. Liu; A. xiangyeus Z. Y. Zhu.
Rhizome slender, 5-10 × 0.4-0.6(-0.8) cm, aromatic. Leaves several, dark green, ensiform, (15-)20-45(-55) × (0.3-)0.5-1(-1.4) cm, midrib lacking, apex acuminate. Peduncle compressed triangular, (4-)9-20(-24) cm. Spathe green, leaflike, (8-)10-24(-25) × 0.2-0.4(-0.5) cm. Spadix straight or slightly curved, narrowly cylindric to subcylindric, (3-)4-10(-14) × (0.3-)0.4-0.6(-0.7) cm, densely flowered. Flowers yellowish or yellow-green to somewhat whitish, 1.8-2 mm in diam. seen from above; tepals ± oblong, 1.5-2 × 0.7-1 mm, keeled, membranous, apex rounded or acute; filaments oblong, flat, ca. 1.5 mm, anthers yellow, 0.4-0.5 mm in diam.; pollen grains ca. 15 µm, exine more densely foveolate; gynoecium obconic-cylindric, (2-)2.5-3 × (1.2-)1.8-2 mm, with conic, spongy apex and stigma very small. Infructescence yellowish to yellow-white at maturity, 1-1.5 cm in diam., berries densely arranged. Berry obovoid-globose, few to several seeded, 3-3.5 × 2.2-2.5 mm. Seed ellipsoid, (2-)2.5-3 × (0.8-)1-1.2 mm, with many long (3-4 mm) bristles (longer than seed itself); testa light brown, smooth. Fl. Feb-Jul, fr. Jul-Aug. 2n = 24.
Dense forests, moist rocky stream banks, meadows; below 2600 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, NE India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Russia (E Siberia), Thailand, Vietnam].
Acorus gramineus occurs only in diploid populations (责任编辑:徐晔春)
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