织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 湿生植物 >

华柔毛报春Primula sinomollis

时间:2013-10-30 18:21来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):华柔毛报春 学名( Scientific Name ): Primula sinomollis Balf. f. et Forr. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Primula sylvicola Hutch. Primula sinomollis var. al
中文名(Chinese Name):华柔毛报春
学名(Scientific Name):Primula sinomollis Balf. f. et Forr.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Primula sylvicola Hutch.  Primula sinomollis var. alba Balf. f. et Forrest  Primula cinerascens subsp. sinomollis (Balf. f. et Forrest) W. W. Sm. et Forrest  Primula cinerascens subsp. sylvicola (Hutch.) W. W. Sm. et Forrest
科属(Family & Genus):报春花科(Primulaceae)报春花属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,根状茎短,具多数纤维状须根。叶4-5枚丛生,叶片阔椭圆形至近圆形,长3-14厘米,宽3-8(12)厘米,先端圆形,基部心形,边缘波状浅裂,具阔三角形小牙齿,上面深绿色,疏被贴伏的多细胞柔毛,下面淡绿色,沿叶脉被较长的柔毛,侧脉6-8对,在下面明显;叶柄长5-15厘米,密被铁锈色柔毛。花葶高10-30厘米,被淡褐色长柔毛;伞形花序3-10轮,每轮3-9花,有时花不排列成轮,花与花之间的间距长可达10毫米;苞片线形至线状披针形,长6-8毫米,被柔毛,先端渐尖成钻形;花梗长7-15毫米,被褐色柔毛;花萼窄钟状,长5-6.5毫米,具明显的5肋,分裂达中部,裂片狭披针形,外面疏被柔毛,先端锐尖,有时外反;花冠淡红色至洋红色或紫红色,冠筒口周围绿白色或黄色,喉部具环状附属物,冠檐直径约1.5厘米,裂片倒卵形,长6-9毫米,先端具深凹缺;长花柱花:冠筒仅略长于花萼,长7-8毫米,雄蕊着生处距冠筒基部约3毫米,花柱长约5毫米;短花柱花:冠筒长9-10毫米,雄蕊着生处距冠筒口约3毫米,花柱长达冠筒中部。蒴果长圆体状,稍短于宿存花萼。花期4月。
分布(Distribution):产于云南,生于海拔1800-2700米林下。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 121   
Primula sinomollis I. B. Balfour & Forrest in I. B. Balfour, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh. 9: 44. 1915.
华柔毛报春 hua rou mao bao chun| Primulaceae  | Primula
Primula cinerascens Franchet subsp. sinomollis (I. B. Balfour & Forrest) W. W. Smith & Forrest; P. cinerascens subsp. sylvicola (Hutchinson) W. W. Smith & Forrest; P. sinomollis I. B. Balfour & Forrest var. alba I. B. Balfour & Forrest; P. sylvicola Hutchinson.
Herbs perennial, with numerous fibrous roots. Leaves forming a rosette; petiole 5--15 cm, densely rust-colored pilose; leaf blade broadly elliptic to suborbicular, 3--14 X 3--8(--12) cm, abaxially with longer hairs along veins, adaxially with appressed multicellular hairs, base cordate, margin sinuate-lobulate, apex rounded; lobules with broad triangular teeth; veins in 6--8 pairs. Scapes 10--30 cm, fulvous villous; umbels 3--10, superimposed, 3--9-flowered, sometimes with flowers not in regular whorls and ± racemose; bracts linear to linear-lanceolate, 6--8 mm, pubescent. Pedicel 0.7--1.5 cm, fulvous pilose. Flowers heterostylous. Calyx narrowly campanulate, 5--6.5 mm, parted to middle, 5-veined; lobes narrowly lanceolate, sparsely pilose, apex acute. Corolla bright rose to deep purplish rose; limb ca. 1.5 cm wide; lobes obovate, 6--9 mm, deeply emarginate. Pin flowers: corolla tube 7--8 mm, slightly longer than calyx; stamens ca. 3 mm above base of corolla tube; style ca. 5 mm. Thrum flowers: corolla tube 9--10 mm; stamens ca. 3 mm below mouth of corolla tube; style reaching middle of tube. Capsule ellipsoid, slightly shorter than calyx. Fl. Apr.
  • Open forests; 1800--2700 m. W Yunnan (Longling Xian, Tengchong Xian)
 




(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(5)
71.4%
踩一下
(2)
28.6%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片