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藏报春Primula sinensis

时间:2013-10-30 18:20来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):藏报春 学名( Scientific Name ): Primula sinensis Sabine ex Lindl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Auganthus praenitens Link Oscaria chinensis Lilja Primula
中文名(Chinese Name):藏报春
学名(Scientific Name): Primula sinensis Sabine ex Lindl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Auganthus praenitens Link  Oscaria chinensis Lilja  Primula praenitens (Link) Ker Gawl.  Primula mandarina Hoffmanns.  Primulidium sinense (Sabine ex Lindl.) Spach  Primula semperflorens Loisel. ex Steud.  Primula sertulosa J. Kickx
科属Family & Genus):报春花科Primulaceae报春花属Primula
形态特征Description):多年生草本,全株被多细胞柔毛。根状茎稍粗壮,有时具分枝。叶多数簇生;叶片轮廓 阔卵圆形至椭圆状卵形或近圆形,长3-13厘米,宽2-10厘米,先端钝圆,基部心形或近截形,边缘5-9裂,深约达叶片半径的1/2,裂片矩圆形,每边具2-5缺刻状粗齿,鲜时稍厚,干时近膜质,中肋稍宽扁,侧脉3-4对,最下方的1对基出;叶柄长4-15 厘米,鲜时肥厚多汁,常带淡紫红色。花葶高4-15(20)厘米,稍粗壮,绿色或淡紫红色;伞形花序1-2轮,每轮3-14花;苞片线形至线状披针形,长5-15毫米;花梗长2-5厘米;花萼长8-15(20)毫米,基部膨大成半球形,直径7-10毫米,果时增大,直径达15-20毫米,5 裂(栽培品种中有时10裂或具不整齐的裂齿),深约达全长的2/5,裂片三角形或卵形;花冠淡蓝紫色或玫瑰红色,外面被柔毛,冠筒口周围黄色,喉部无环状附属物,冠檐直径2-3厘米,裂片阔倒卵形,先端深2裂;长花柱花:冠筒长10-11毫米,雄蕊近冠筒中部着生,花柱长近达冠筒口;短花柱花:冠筒长13-14毫米,雄蕊近冠筒口着生,花柱长4-5毫米。蒴果卵球形,直径9-10毫米。花期12月至翌年3月,果期2-4月。
分布(Distribution):产于陕西南部(大巴山,《中国高等植物图鉴》误作太白山),湖北西部(宜昌三游洞),四川(峨眉山黑龙江)和贵州(安顺)。生长于蔽荫和湿润的石灰岩缝中,海拔200-1500米。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 127
Primula sinensis Sabine ex Lindley, Coll. Bot. t. 7. 1821. non Loureiro (1790).
藏报春 zang bao chun | Primulaceae  | Primula
Auganthus praenitens Link; Oscaria chinensis Lilja; Primula mandarina Hoffmannsegg; P. praenitens Ker Gawler; P. semperflorens Loiseleur-Deslongchamps ex Steudel; P. sertulosa Kickx f.; Primulidium sinense (Sabine ex Lindley) Spach.
Herbs perennial, with copious multicellular hairs, usually without remains of old leaves at base. Leaves forming a rosette; petiole 10--20 cm, succulent, vaginate at base; leaf blade broadly ovate to subrotund, 4--12 cm wide, base cordate, palmately lobed to 1/2 its width; lobes 7--9, oblong to ovate, margin coarsely dentate to incised-lobulate; lobules serrate. Scapes 10--30 cm; umbels 1 terminal, or 2 or 3 superimposed, 3--12-flowered; bracts lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 1--3 cm. Pedicel 2--5(--7) cm. Flowers heterostylous. Calyx 0.8--1.5 cm, enlarging to 2 cm in fruit, inflated at base, subglobose, parted to 1/3--2/5; lobes ovate-triangular, often with unequal teeth, apex acute. Corolla pink to rose or lilac; tube slightly longer than calyx, pubescent outside; limb 1.5--4 cm wide; lobes broadly obovate, emarginate. Pin flowers: stamens near middle of corolla tube; style ca. as long as tube. Thrum flowers with positions reciprocal. Capsule globose, 8--9 mm in diam., shorter than calyx. Fl. Dec-Feb. 2n = 22@, 24@, 36@, 48@.
* Shaded areas in ravines, mixed forests; ca. 1000 m. Guizhou (Anshun Xian), Sichuan (Emei Shan)
After publication, it was noted by Kanchi Gandhi (IPNI, pers. comm.), that Primulidium sinense Spach (1840) is nom superfl. for P. praenitens Ker Gawler (1821); therefore, "Primula praenitens Ker Gawler (1821)" appears to be the correct name for this complex.
 




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