花卉图片网

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 湿生植物 >

多雄蕊商陆Phytolacca polyandra

时间:2014-02-08 19:28作者:徐晔春 点击: 次 标签: 商陆科 商陆属 Phytolacca Phytolaccace
  中文名(Chinese Name):多雄蕊商陆
学名(Scientific Name):Phytolacca polyandra Batalin
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):多蕊商陆、多药商陆
异名(Synonym):Phytolacca clavigera W. W. Sm.
科属(Family & Genus):商陆科(Phytolaccaceae)商陆属
形态特征(Description):草本,高 (0.5-) 1-1.5米。叶片椭圆状披针形或椭圆形,长9-27厘米,宽5-10.5厘米,顶端急尖或渐尖,具腺体状的短尖头,基部楔形,渐狭,两面无毛;叶柄长1-2厘米。总状花序顶生或与叶对生,圆柱状,直立,长5-32厘米,直径1.8-4.5厘米,花序梗长1.5-6厘米;花梗长1-1.8厘米,基部有一线形苞片,花梗上着生两枚小苞片,线形;花两性;花被片5,开花时白色,以后变红,长圆形,长4-6毫米,宽2.5毫米;雄蕊12-16,两轮着生,花丝基部变宽,花药白色;子房通常由8心皮合生,有时6或9,花柱直立或顶端微弯,比子房长1倍半,柱头不明显。浆果扁球形,直径约7毫米,干后果皮膜质,贴附种子;种子肾形,黑色,光亮。花期5-8月,果期6-9月。
分布(Distribution):产甘肃、广西、四川、贵州、云南,生于海拔1 100-3000米山坡林下、山沟、河边、路旁。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 435
Phytolacca polyandra Batalin, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada. 13: 99. 1893.
多药商陆 duo yao shang lu  | Phytolaccaceae  | Phytolacca
Phytolacca clavigera W. W. Smith.
Herbs (0.5-)1-1.5 m tall. Petiole 1-2 cm; leaf blade elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic, 9-27 × 5-10.5 cm, glabrous, base cuneate, attenuate, apex acute or acuminate, with glandular sharp point. Racemes erect, terete, 5-32 × 1.8-4.5 cm; peduncle 1.5-6 cm. Pedicel 1-1.8 cm. Tepals 5, pink, oblong, 4-6 × ca. 2.5 mm. Stamens 12-16, bicyclic; filaments broadened at base; anthers white. Carpels (6-)8(or 9), connate. Styles erect or apex slightly curved, ca. 2.5 × as long as ovary. Berry ca. 7 mm in diam., becoming membranous, appressed to seeds. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jun-Sep.
* Hillsides, forest understories, gullies, riversides, roadsides; 1100-3000 m. Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan.
 



顶一下
(215)
79.3%
踩一下
(56)
20.7%
------分隔线----------------------------
推荐内容
广告