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水蜡烛Dysophylla yatabeana

时间:2013-09-25 12:48来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):水蜡烛 学名( Scientific Name ): Dysophylla yatabeana Makino 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Dysophylla linearis var. yatabeana (Makino) Kudo Dysophylla lyth
中文名(Chinese Name):水蜡烛
学名(Scientific Name):Dysophylla yatabeana Makino
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Dysophylla linearis var. yatabeana (Makino) Kudo  Dysophylla lythroides Diels  Dysophylla martini Vaniot
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)水蜡烛属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。茎高40-60厘米,无毛,顶部被微柔毛,不分枝或稀具短的分枝。叶3-4枚轮生,狭披针形,长3.5-4.5厘米,宽5-7毫米,先端渐狭具钝头,基部无柄,边缘全缘或于上部具疏而不明显的锯齿,纸质,上面榄绿色,下面稍淡,并被不明显的褐色小腺点,两面无毛。穗伏花序长2.8-7厘米,直径约1.5厘米,紧密而连续,有时基部间断;苞片线状披针形,其长几与花冠相等,常带紫色。花萼卵钟形,长1.6-2毫米,外面被疏柔毛及锈色腺点,萼齿5,三角形,长约为萼筒1/2。花冠紫红色,为花萼长之2倍,无毛,冠檐近相等4裂。雄蕊4,极伸出,花丝密被紫红色髯毛。花柱略伸出于雄蕊,先端相等2浅裂。花盘平顶。小坚果未见。花期8-10月。
分布(Distribution):产浙江,安徽,湖南,贵州;生于水池中、水稻田内或湿润空旷地方。日本,朝鲜也有。模式标本采自日本。
用途(Use):引自植物志英文版:FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 17
Dysophylla yatabeana Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 12: 55. 1898.
水蜡烛 shui la zhu
Dysophylla linearis Bentham var. yatabeana (Makino) Kudo; D. lythroides Diels; D. martini Vaniot.
Herbs perennial. Stems 40-60 cm tall, glabrous except for puberulent apex, usually unbranched or rarely short branched. Leaves in whorls of 3 or 4, narrowly lanceolate, 3.5-4.5 cm × 5-7 mm, papery, glabrous, inconspicuously brown glandular, margin entire or obsurely remote serrate toward apex, apex obtuse. Spikes 2.8-7 × ca. 1.5 cm, compact, sometimes interrupted at base; bracts purplish, linear-lanceolate, almost as long as corolla. Calyx ovoid-campanulate, 1.6-2 mm, pilose and rust colored glandular outside; teeth triangular, ca. 1/2 as long as calyx tube. Corolla purple-red, ca. 2 × as long as calyx, glabrous, limb subequally 4-lobed. Stamens much exserted; filaments densely purple-red barbate. Nutlets unknown. Fl. Aug-Oct.
Rice paddies, open wet areas. Anhui, Guizhou, Hunan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].




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