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玄参Scrophularia ningpoensis

时间:2013-11-09 14:59来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):玄参 学名( Scientific Name ): Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 浙玄参 异名( Synonym ): Scrophularia microdonta Franch. Scrophularia silvestrii
中文名(Chinese Name):玄参
学名(Scientific Name):Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):浙玄参
异名(Synonym):Scrophularia microdonta Franch.  Scrophularia silvestrii Bonati et Pamp.
科属(Family & Genus):玄参科(Scrophulariaceae)玄参属
形态特征(Description):
分布(Distribution):我国特产,产河北、河南、山西、陕西、湖北、安徽、江苏、浙江、福建、江西、湖南、广东、贵州、四川,生于海拔1700米以下的竹林、溪旁、丛林及高草丛中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 18 Page 13     
Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsley in F. B. Forbes & Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 178. 1890.
玄参 xuan shen| Scrophulariaceae  | Scrophularia
Scrophularia microdonta Franchet; S. silvestrii Bonati & Pampanini.
Herbs, to 1.5 m tall. Lateral roots few, fusiform to conical. Stems quadrangular, lightly grooved to nearly winged, glabrous or white crisped hairy. Leaves opposite, sometimes apically alternate; petiole to 4.5 cm; leaf blade below mostly ovate, upper ones ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, to 30 X 19 cm, base cuneate, rounded, or subcordate, margin serrulate and rarely irregularly double serrate. Thyrses to 50 cm, largely lax; cymes terminal and axillary, often 2-4-flowered, rarely a terminal cyme less than 10 cm. Pedicel 0.3-3 cm, glandular hairy. Calyx 2-3 mm; lobes suborbicular, rounded, margin submembranous. Corolla brown-purple, 8-9 mm; tube subglobose; lower lip lobes subovate, middle lobe shorter than lateral lobes. Stamens slightly shorter than lower lip; staminode large and globose. Style ca. 3 mm. Capsule ovoid, 8-9 mm. Fl. Jun-Oct, fr. Sep-Nov.
* Bamboo forests, along streams, thickets, tall grasses; below 1700 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, N Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang.
Used medicinally.
 


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