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高山蓼Polygonum alpinum

时间:2013-10-30 13:51来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):高山蓼 学名( Scientific Name ): Polygonum alpinum All. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Aconogonon alpinum (All.) Schur Pleuropteropyrum jeholense Kitag. Ple
中文名(Chinese Name):高山蓼
学名(Scientific Name):Polygonum alpinum All.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Aconogonon alpinum (All.) Schur  Pleuropteropyrum jeholense Kitag.  Pleuropteropyrum alpinum (All.) Kitag.  Polygonum jeholense (Kitag.) Baranov et Skvortsov ex S. X. Li et Y. L. Chang  Persicaria alpina (All.) H. Gross  Aconogonum alaskanum (W. Wight ex Hultén) Soják  Aconogonum hultenianum (Yurtsev) Tzvelev  Aconogonum alpinum (All.) Schur  Polygonum alaskanum W. Wight ex Hultén  Polygonum alaskanum var. glabrescens Hultén  Aconogonum hultenianum var. lapathifolium (Cham. & Schlecht.) S.-P. Hong  Aconogonum alaskanum var. glabrescens (Hultén) H. Hinds
科属(Family & Genus):蓼科Polygonaceae蓼属Polygonum
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。茎直立,高50-100厘米,自中上部分枝,分枝不呈叉状,具纵沟,下部疏生长硬毛,稀无毛。叶卵状披针形或披针形,长3-9厘米,宽1-3厘米,顶端急尖,稀渐尖,基部宽楔形,边缘全缘,密生短缘毛,上面绿色,下面淡绿色,两面被柔毛;叶柄长0.5-1厘米;托叶鞘膜质,褐色,开裂,以后脱落疏生长毛,花序圆锥状,顶生,分枝开展,无毛;苞片卵状披针形,膜质,每苞内具2-4花;花梗细弱,无毛,长2-2.5毫米,比苞片长,顶端具关节;花被5深裂,白色,花被片椭圆形,长2-3毫米,近相等;雄蕊8, 花柱3,极短,柱头头状。瘦果卵形,具3锐棱,长4-5毫米,黄褐色,有光泽,比宿存花被长。花期6-7月,果期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、华北、青海、新疆。生山坡草地、林缘,海拔800-2400米。哈萨克斯坦、俄罗斯(西伯利亚、远东)、蒙古、高加索、阿富汗及欧洲也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5
Polygonum alpinum Allioni, Auct. Syn. 42. 1773.
高山蓼 gao shan liao | Polygonaceae  | Polygonum
Aconogonon alpinum (Allioni) Schur; Persicaria alpina (Allioni) H. Gross; Pleuropteropyrum alpinum (Allioni) Kitagawa (1937), not Koidzumi (1916); ?P. jeholense Kitagawa; ?Polygonum jeholense (Kitagawa) Baranov & Skvortsov ex S. X. Li & Y. L. Chang; P. undulatum Murray (1775), not P. J. Bergius (1767).
Herbs perennial. Stems erect, 50-100 cm tall, branched from above middle; branches striate, not divaricate, sparsely hirsute, rarely glabrous. Petiole 5-10 mm; leaf blade greenish abaxially, green adaxially, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 3-9 × 1-3 cm, both surfaces pilose, base broadly cuneate, margin entire, densely shortly ciliate, apex acute, rarely acuminate; ocrea brown, tubular, membranous, sparsely pilose, dehiscent. Inflorescence terminal, paniculate; branches spreading, glabrous; bracts ovate-lanceolate, membranous, each 1- or 2-flowered. Pedicels longer than bracts, 2-2.5 mm, slender, glabrous, apex articulate. Perianth white, 5-parted; tepals elliptic, equal, 2-3 mm. Stamens 8. Styles very short; stigmas capitate. Achenes exceeding persistent perianth, yellow-brown, shiny, ovoid, trigonous, 4-5 mm. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Jul-Aug.
Forest margins, grassy slopes; 800-2400 m. Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, ?Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang [Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russia; SW Asia, Europe].
 




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