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香花菜Mentha crispata

时间:2013-09-24 14:09来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):香花菜 学名( Scientific Name ): Mentha crispata Schrad. ex Willd. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 青薄荷、皱叶留兰香 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 唇形科(Labiat
中文名(Chinese Name):香花菜
学名(Scientific Name):Mentha crispata Schrad. ex Willd.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):青薄荷、皱叶留兰香
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)薄荷属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。茎直立,高30-60厘米,钝四稜形,常带紫色,无毛,不育枝仅贴地生。叶无柄或近于无柄,卵形或卵状披针形,长2-3厘米,宽1.2-2厘米;先端锐尖,基部圆形或浅心形,边缘有锐裂的锯齿,坚纸质,上面绿色,皱波状,脉纹明显凹陷,下面淡绿色,脉纹明显隆起且带白色。轮伞花序在茎及分枝顶端密集成穗状花序,此花序长2.5-3厘米,径约1厘米,不间断或基部1-2轮伞花序稍间断;苞片线状披针形,稍长于花萼;花梗长1毫米,略被微柔毛。花萼钟形,花时长1.5毫米,外面近无毛,具腺点,5脉,不明显,萼齿5,三角状披针形,长0.7毫米,边缘具缘毛,果时稍靠合。花冠淡紫,长3.5毫米,外面无毛,冠筒长2毫米,冠澹具4裂片,裂片近等大,上裂片先端微凹。雄蕊4,伸出,近等长,花丝丝状,无毛,花药卵圆形,2室。花柱伸出,先端相等2浅裂,裂片钻形。花盘平顶。子房褐色,无毛。小坚果卵珠状三稜形,长0.7毫米,茶褐色,基部淡褐色,略具腺点,顶端圆。
分布(Distribution):原产欧洲,我国中南部栽培较多,在欧洲广为栽培。
用途(Use):嫩枝、叶常作香料食用。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 238
Mentha crispata Schrader ex Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 608. 1809.
皱叶留香 zhou ye liu lan xiang | Lamiaceae  | Mentha
Herbs rhizomatous. Stems erect, 30-60 cm, purplish, glabrous. Leaves sessile or subsessile, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2-3 × 1.2-2 cm, papery, base rounded to shallow cordate, margin serrate, apex acute. Verticillasters in terminal spikes 2.5-3 × ca. 1 cm, continuous or ± interrupted at base; bracts linear-lanceolate, slightly longer than calyx. Pedicel ca. 1 mm. Calyx campanulate, ca. 1.5 mm, subglabrous, glandular, obscurely 5-veined; teeth triangular-lanceolate, ca. 0.1 mm, ciliate. Corolla purplish, ca. 3.5 mm, glabrous, tube ca. 2 mm; lobes subequal, apex emarginate. Ovary brown, glabrous. Nutlets brown, triquetrous, ovoid, ca. 0.7 mm, sparsely glandular.
Beijing Shi, Hangzhou Shi, Kunming Shi, Nanjing Shi, Shanghai Shi [Russia; Europe]
Cultivated in China. Source of German spearmint oil. Young shoots and leaves edible.
A form/cultivar of M. spicata Linnaeus.



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