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无瓣海桑Sonneratia apetala

时间:2013-11-09 17:24来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 无瓣海桑 学名( Scientific Name ): Sonneratia apetala Buch.-Ham. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 海桑科(Sonneratiaceae)海桑属 形
中文名(Chinese Name):无瓣海桑
学名(Scientific Name):Sonneratia apetala Buch.-Ham.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):海桑科(Sonneratiaceae)海桑属
形态特征(Description):
分布(Distribution):原产于孟加拉国、印度、缅甸、斯里兰卡等国,现广东、海南有栽培。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 287   
Sonneratia apetala Buchanan-Hamilton in Symes, Embassy Ava. 477. 1800.
无瓣海桑 wu ban hai sang| Lythraceae  | Sonneratia
Columnar trees to 15(-20) m tall. Pneumatophores to 1.5 m; ultimate branchlets pendulous. Petiole 5-10 mm; leaf blade narrowly elliptic to lanceolate, gradually tapering toward apex, 5-13 × 1.5-4 cm, base attenuate, apex obtuse. Flowers 4(-6)-merous in a 3-7-flowered cyme. Floral tube 1.5-2.5 cm at anthesis, smooth; sepals green, slightly curving around base of fruit. Petals absent. Staminal filaments white. Stigma peltate, to 7 mm wide. Fruit 1-2 × 2-2.5 cm in diam. Seeds typically U-shaped or falcate, 8-9.5 mm. Fl. May-Dec, fr. Aug-Apr.
Introduced as a fast-growing tree for reforestation of mangrove communities. Guangdong (Shenzhen), Hainan [native to Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka].
This species was introduced to China in the 1980s from Sundarbans, Bangladesh, initially to Hainan and subsequently to Shenzhen.
 




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