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中华石龙尾Limnophila chinensis

时间:2013-11-09 15:15来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 中华石龙尾 学名( Scientific Name ): Limnophila chinensis (Osbeck) Merr. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Columnea chinensis Osbeck Limnophila hirsuta (Heyne
中文名(Chinese Name):中华石龙尾
学名(Scientific Name):Limnophila chinensis (Osbeck) Merr.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Columnea chinensis Osbeck  Limnophila hirsuta (Heyne ex Benth.) Benth.  Limnophila chevalieri Bonati  Stemodia hirsuta Heyne ex Benth.
科属(Family & Genus):玄参科(Scrophulariaceae)石龙尾属
形态特征(Description):草本,高5-50厘米;茎简单或自基部分枝,下部匍匐而节上生根,与花梗及萼同被多细胞长柔毛至近于无毛。叶对生或3-4枚轮生,无柄,长5-53毫米,宽2-15毫米,卵状披针形至条状披针形,稀为匙形,多少抱茎,边缘具锯齿;脉羽状,不明显;上面近于无毛至疏被多细胞柔毛,下面脉上被多细胞长柔毛。花具长3-15毫米之梗,单生叶腋或排列成顶生的圆锥花序;小苞片长约2毫米;萼长5-7毫米,在果实成熟时具凸起的条纹;花冠紫红色、蓝色、稀为白色,长10-15毫米。蒴果宽椭圆形,两侧扁,长约5毫米,浅褐色。花果期10月至次年5月。
分布(Distribution):分布于广东、广西、云南等省区,生于水旁或田边湿地。东南亚及澳大利亚也有。
用途(Use):
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 18
8. Limnophila chinensis (Osbeck) Merrill, Amer. J. Bot. 3: 581. 1916.
中华石龙尾 zhong hua shi long wei| Scrophulariaceae  | Limnophila
Columnea chinensis Osbeck, Dagb. Ostind. Resa 230. 1757; Limnophila chevalieri Bonati; L. hirsuta (Heyne ex Bentham) Bentham; Stemodia hirsuta Heyne ex Bentham.
Herbs, 5-50 cm tall. Stems basally prostrate, rooting from nodes, simple or basally branched, villous to subglabrous. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3 or 4, sessile, ovate-lanceolate, linear-lanceolate, or rarely spatulate, 0.5-5.3 X 0.2-1.5 cm, abaxially villous along veins, adaxially glabrous or sparsely villous, base subamplexicaul, margin serrate; veins pinnate, inconspicuous. Flowers solitary in leaf axils, or in terminal panicles. Pedicel 3-5 mm, villous to subglabrous. Bracteoles ca. 2 mm. Calyx 5-7 mm, villous to subglabrous, with raised veins in fruit. Corolla purple-red, blue, or rarely white, 1-1.5 cm. Capsule compressed, broadly ellipsoid, ca. 5 mm. Fl. and fr. Oct-May.
Edge of water, wet fields; below 1800 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [Cambodia, India (Darjeeling), Indonesia, Laos, W Malaysia, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia].
 






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