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假马齿苋Bacopa monnieri

时间:2013-11-09 15:13来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名 ( Chinese Name ): 假马齿苋 学名( Scientific Name ): Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. 英文名( English Common Name ): herb of grace 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Gratiola monnieri L. Lysimachia monnieri L. R
中文名Chinese Name):假马齿苋
学名(Scientific Name):Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst.
英文名(English Common Name):herb of grace
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Gratiola monnieri L.  Lysimachia monnieri L.  Ruellia articulata Houtt.  Anisocalyx limnanthiflorus (L.) Hance  Bacopa monnieri var. cuneifolia Michx.  Bacopa monnieri var. micromonnieria (Griseb.) Pennell  Bacopa monnieria var. cuneifolia (Michx.) Fernald  Bacopa monnieria Hayata & Matsum.  Bramia indica Lam.  Bramia micromonnieria (Griseb.) Pennell  Calytriplex obovata Ruiz & Pav.  Capraria monnieria Roxb.  Herpestis micromonnieria Griseb.  Gratiola portulacacea Weinm.  Gratiola tetrandra Stokes  Habershamia cuneifolia (Michx.) Raf.  Herpestis cuneifolia Michx.  Limosella calycina Forsk.  Moniera africana Pers.  Moniera brownei Pers.  Moniera pedunculosa Pers.  Monniera cuneifolia Michx.  Monnieria africana Pers.  Monnieria brownei Pers.  Monnieria pedunculosa Pers.  Septas repens Lour.
科属Family & Genus):玄参科(Scrophulariaceae)假马齿苋属
形态特征(Description):匍匐草本,节上生根,多少肉质,无毛,体态极象马齿苋。叶无柄,矩圆状倒披针形,长8-20毫米,宽3-6毫米,顶端圆钝,极少有齿。花单生叶腋,花梗长0.5-3.5厘米,萼下有一对条形小苞片;萼片前后两枚卵状披针形,其余3枚披针形至条形,长约5毫米;花冠蓝色,紫色或白色,长8-10毫米,不明显2唇形,上唇2裂;雄蕊4枚;柱头头状。蒴果长卵状,顶端急尖,包在宿存的花萼内,4爿裂。种子椭圆状,一端平截,黄棕色,表面具纵条棱。花期5-10月。
分布(Distribution):分布于台湾、福建、广东、云南,全球热带广布。生水边、湿地及沙滩。
用途(Use):药用,有消肿之效。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 18 Page 21     
Bacopa monnieri (Linnaeus) Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. 98: 94. 1946.
假马齿苋 jia ma chi xian| Scrophulariaceae  | Bacopa
Lysimachia monnieri Linnaeus, Cent. Pl. II 9. 1756; Bacopa monnieria (Linnaeus) Wettstein; Gratiola monnieri (Linnaeus) Linnaeus.
Stems creeping, rooting at nodes, succulent, glabrous. Leaves sessile, oblong-oblanceolate, 0.8-2 cm X 3-6 mm, margin entire or rarely dentate, apex rounded. Flowers axillary. Pedicel 0.5-3.5 cm. Bracteoles 2, linear, below calyx. Sepals 5, ca. 5 mm; lower and upper sepals ovate-lanceolate; lateral 2 sepals lanceolate to linear. Corolla blue, purple, or white, 8-10 mm, obscurely 2-lipped. Stamens didynamous. Stigma capitate. Capsule narrowly ovoid, enveloped in persistent calyx, apex acute. Seeds yellow-brown, ellipsoid, truncate at one end, longitudinally striate. Fl. May-Oct.
By water, wet places, sandy beaches; below 1100 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [widespread in tropics and subtropics].
For a discussion on the nomenclature of the species, see Philcox (Kew Bull. 33: 679-680. 1979).
 




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