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毛茛叶报春Primula cicutariifolia

时间:2013-10-30 18:23来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):毛茛叶报春 学名( Scientific Name ): Primula cicutariifolia Pax 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 堇叶报春 异名( Synonym ): Primula Sect. Ranunculoides Chen et C. M. Hu Primula
中文名(Chinese Name):毛茛叶报春
学名(Scientific Name):Primula cicutariifolia Pax
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):堇叶报春
异名(Synonym):Primula Sect. Ranunculoides Chen et C. M. Hu  Primula ranunculoides var. minor F. H. Chen  Primula erodioides Schltr.  Primula ranunculoides F. H. Chen
科属(Family & Genus):报春花科(Primulaceae)报春花属
形态特征(Description):多年生柔弱草本,具明显的主根和多数纤维状须根。叶两型,外层叶少数,卵形,长3-8毫米,宽3-7毫米,先端钝或稍锐尖,基部截形或微呈心形,具长柄,边缘全缘或具粗齿,至开花期通常枯萎或脱落;内层叶多枚,连柄长1.5-10厘米,羽状全裂,羽片(1) 2-6对,轮廓椭圆形或矩圆形,最下方的1对极小,向上渐增大,长3-13毫米,宽2.5-12毫米,每边具2-4个粗齿或缺刻,顶生裂片较大,椭圆形至阔卵圆形,通常3深裂,小裂片具粗齿,鲜时柔嫩,干后膜质,两面均多少被淡褐色小腺点;叶柄长6-20毫米。花葶细弱,高1-5厘米,伞形花序 (1) 2-4花;苞片线形,长1.5-3毫米;花梗纤细,长0.7-3厘米,疏被小腺体;花萼钟状,长3-4.5毫米,被极稀疏的小腺体,分裂达中部以下,裂片披针形,先端锐尖或稍钝,具明显的中肋;花冠淡红色或淡蓝紫色,冠筒长4.5-6.5毫米,冠檐直径4-8毫米,裂片楔状矩圆形,先端近截形或微具凹缺;花两型或同型;短花柱花:雄蕊近冠筒口着生,花柱长达冠筒中部,稍短于花萼;同型花:雄蕊近冠筒口着生,花柱长亦近达冠筒口。蒴果近球形,直径约2.5毫米。花期3-4月,果期4-5月。
分布(Distribution):产于安徽、浙江、江西、湖南、湖北,生长于山谷林下阴湿处和常有滴水的岩石上。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 127   
Primula cicutariifolia Pax, Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 93: Abt. 2, 1. 1915.
毛茛叶报春 mao geng ye bao chun| Primulaceae  | Primula
Primula erodioides Schlechter; P. ranunculoides Chen; P. ranunculoides var. minor Chen.
Herbs perennial, delicate, glabrous, with a tap root and numerous fibrous roots. Leaves dimorphic. Outer leaves withered at anthesis, long petiolate, ovate, 3--8 X 3--7 mm, margin entire to dentate. Petiole of inner leaves 0.6--2 cm; leaf blade elliptic to oblong, 1.5--10 cm; pinnatisect; pinnae (1 or)2--6 pairs, proximal pair very small, gradually increasing upward, 3--13 X 2.5--12 mm, with 2--4 teeth on each side, terminal pair larger, elliptic to broadly ovate, usually 3-lobed. Scapes 1--5 cm; umbel solitary, (1- or)2--4-flowered; bracts linear, 1.5--3 mm. Pedicel 0.7--3 cm, sparingly glandular. Flowers homostylous or heterostylous. Calyx campanulate, 3--4.5 mm, ± glandular, parted below middle into lanceolate lobes. Corolla pink or pale lilac; tube 4.5--6.5 mm; limb 4--8 mm wide; lobes cuneate-oblong, apex subtruncate or slightly emarginate. Pin flowers unknown. Thrum flowers: stamens near apex of corolla tube; style ca. 1/2 as long as tube. Homostylous flowers with stamens and style near apex of corolla tube. Capsule subglobose, ca. 2.5 mm in diam. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Apr-May.
  • On wet moss-covered rocks in woodlands and along streamsides; 500--1000 m. S Anhui, E Hubei, Hunan, N Jiangxi, N Zhejiang.
 


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