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老鼠簕Acanthus ilicifolius

时间:2013-07-15 16:35来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
老鼠簕,Acanthus ilicifolius,老鼠筋








中文名(Chinese Name):老鼠簕
学名(Scientific Name):Acanthus ilicifolius L.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):老鼠筋
异名(Synonym):Dilivaria ilicifolia (L.) Nees;Acanthus doloarin Blanco;Acanthus ilicifolius var. subinteger Nees;Acanthus neoguineensis Engl. 
科属(Family & Genus):爵床科(Acanthaceae)老鼠簕属
形态特征(Description):直立灌木,高达2米。茎粗壮,径达9毫米,圆柱状,上部有分枝,无毛。托叶成刺状,叶柄长3-6毫米;叶片长圆形至长圆状披针形,长6-14厘米,宽2-5厘米,先端急尖,基部楔形,边缘4-5羽状浅裂,近革质,两面无毛,主脉在上面凹下,主侧脉在背面明显凸起,侧脉每侧4-5,自裂片顶端突出为尖锐硬刺。穗状花序顶生;苞片对生,宽卵形,长7-8毫米,无刺,早落;小苞片卵形,长约5毫米,革质;花萼裂片4,外方的1对宽卵形,长10-13毫米,顶端微缺,边缘质薄,有时成皱波状,具缘毛,内方的1对卵形,长约10毫米,全缘。花冠白色,长3-4厘米,花冠管长约6毫米,上唇退化,下唇倒卵形,长约3厘米,薄革质,顶端3裂,外面被柔毛,内面上部两侧各有1条3-4毫米宽的被毛带;雄蕊4,近等长,花药1室,纵裂,裂缝两侧各有1列髯毛,花丝粗厚,长1.5厘米,最宽处约2毫米,近软骨质;子房顶部软骨质,花柱有纵纹,长2.2厘米;柱头2裂。蒴果椭圆形,长2.5-3厘米,有种子4颗。种子扁平,圆肾形,淡黄色。
分布(Distribution):产海南、广东、福建。生于我国南部海岸及潮汐能至的滨海地带,为红树林重要组成之一。
用途(Use):根可入药,有凉血清热、散痰积、解毒止痛功能。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19
Acanthus ilicifolius Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 639. 1753.
老鼠簕 lao shu le | Acanthaceae  | Acanthus
Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl var. xiamenensis (R. T. Zhang) C. Y. Wu & C. C. Hu; A. ilicifolius var. xiamenensis (R. T. Zhang) Y. F. Deng, N. H. Xia & Heng B. Chen; A. xiamenensis R. T. Zhang; Dilivaria ilicifolia (Linnaeus) Jussieu.
Shrubs to 2 m tall, erect. Stems stout, scarcely branched, glabrous, often with stipulelike spines at nodes. Petiole 3-6 mm, thick, glabrous; leaf blade oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 6-14 × 2-5 cm, glabrous, secondary veins 5-7 on each side of midvein, base cuneate, margin pinnatifid and with few large spines, serrate, or subentire, apex truncate. Spikes terminal, to 16.5 cm; bracts broadly ovate, 7-8 mm, caducous; bracteoles ovate, ca. 5 mm, leathery. Calyx posterior and anterior lobes 1-1.3 cm, margin scarious and sometimes crispate, apex emarginate; lateral lobes ovate, ca. 1 cm, margin entire. Corolla white [bluish to pinkish], 3-4 cm; tube ca. 6 mm; lip obovate, 2.2-3 cm, thinly leathery, outside with soft trichomes, apex 3-cleft. Stamens equal; filaments ca. 1.5 cm; anther theca with a line of trichomes on both sides of suture. Style ca. 2.2 cm. Capsule 2.5-3 cm. Seeds light yellow, reniform. Fl. Feb-Mar, fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 44, 48.
Mangrove swamps, marshes; near sea level. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia, Pacific islands].
This species is used medicinally.
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